A video conference of the Foreign Ministers of South Asian countries and China on the containment of the raging COVID-19 pandemic in the region was held on Tuesday. However, India and its allies, Bhutan and the Maldives, were conspicuously absent, perhaps due to the participation of China. New Delhi envisages no role for China in South Asia.
Those who participated in the conference were the State Councilor Wang Yi (China), Dinesh Gunawardena (Si Lanka), Mirwais Nab (Afghanistan), A.K Abdul Memon (Bangladesh), Pradeep Kumar Gyawali (Nepal) and Makhdoom Shah Mahmood Qureshi (Pakistan).
Apparently, the regional and global health emergency has not mitigated pre-existing conflicts and politico-strategic line-up in the strife-torn South Asian region.
A press release from the Sri Lankan Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that the discussions focused on consolidating COVID-19 response cooperation and promoting post-pandemic economic recovery as well as poverty alleviation amidst the recent spike in COVID-19 infections.
Lankan Minister Gunawardena underlined the critical need for active cooperation in effectively responding to COVID-19. He also outlined the importance of addressing the challenges posed by COVID-19 pandemic in a manner that helps countries to take forward national priorities in economic recovery and uplifting rural livelihoods.
Gunawardena reiterated that taking appropriate measures to maintain a steady and equitable flow of critical medical equipment, medicine, and vaccines to nations in need, under the guidance of the UN and WHO, is essential to contain the epidemic and avoid relapses.
The participants expressed the view that effective response should have at its core, a process to address issues on supply of emergency needs during natural and other disasters, the use of technology and other tools and platforms for poverty alleviation in the rural economies.
Both Pakistan and China have officially offered India help.
Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry issued a statement on Saturday saying it had offered to provide items including ventilators and X-ray machines. “The concerned authorities of Pakistan and India can work out modalities for quick delivery of the relief items,” the Ministry said.
The Edhi Foundation, a well-known Pakistan NGO, which is doing in Pakistan what Mother Teresa was doing in Kolkata, had written to the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, offering 50 ambulances with equipment and support staff. But there has been no response or even an acknowledgement from New Delhi.
Meanwhile, Pakistani citizens took to the social media to express sympathy and support for Indians suffering from the human devastation caused by the pandemic. An India-Pakistan social media platform has been built to share commonalities between the people of the two countries with appeals to forget animosities and live in amity.
China appears to be vacillating in its policy towards the crisis in India. The Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin on Monday said Beijing and New Delhi “are communicating with one another” at present. “We stand ready to offer support and assistance to the best of our capability if the Indian side informs us of its specific needs,” he said.
However the situation on the ground was that the Indian private sector had been importing COVID-19 containment medical supplies from China in a big way. But this ground to a halt last week when the largest cargo flight operator from China to India, the Chinese state-owned Sichuan Airlines, suspended its services to India for 15 days because of the surge in Covid-19 cases there.
This has disrupted frantic efforts by Indian private companies to import from China medical supplies including oxygen concentrators to fight the pandemic. The airlines operated 10 flights on six routes to four India cities comprising Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Bangalore. The airlines said “…in the face of sudden changes in the epidemic situation (in India), in order to reduce the number of imported cases, it is decided” to suspend the flights.
The Chinese Foreign Ministry did not offer any comment on the suspension of cargo flights from the Chinese mainland to India. “With regard to the operation of airlines, I will refer you to the relevant airlines for more information,” Foreign Ministry spokesperson, Wang Wenbin told Hindustan Times when asked to comment on the development.
The ministry also did not confirm or deny a tweet by the Chinese embassy in Sri Lanka, which said 800 oxygen concentrators have been airlifted from Hong Kong to Delhi with another 10,000 to be dispatched in the coming week.