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Non-violent direct action campaign begins in Jaffna

by D.B.S. Jeyaraj

50th Anniversary of 1961 Tamil Satyagraha-2

The Throne Speech outlining the policies and plans of the new Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP) Government of Prime Minister Sirima Bandaranaike was delivered on August 12th 1960.

Chelvanayakam known as “Thanthai Chelva” (father) at Satyagraha

In a move that pleased the Ilankai Thamil Arasu Katchi (ITAK) known in English as the Federal Party (FP) a Tamil translation was read out simultaneously . The tone and content of the Throne speech was a disappointment to the party as it did not make any reference to matters pertaining to the setting up of district councils and implementation of Tamil language in the administrative and judicial spheres.

Apparently the SLFP treated the pre-polls understanding arrived at with the FP as non – binding in a situation where the Govt had a majority in Parliament and not dependent on the FP to rule.

Nevertheless the FP remained patient and refrained from rocking the boat. The party adopted a low profile during the debate and abstained from voting. This was to prevent an open rupture with the SLFP and keep the doors open for further discussions.

The FP however found its efforts to open lines of communication with the govt being spurned. The SLFP was in no mood for any further meeting with the FP. Letters sent to the PM and senior ministers were not answered. Even telephone calls were rebuffed.

“SINHALAISATION”

On the other hand public statements made by members of the govt as well as media reports indicated that the new govt intended to implement the Bandaranaike (SWRD) policies in full. A key element in this was the total “Sinhalaisation” of the Administrative and Judicial spheres. The Tamil factor seemed to be of no consequence.

The SLFP that had been playing political footsy with the FP in a pre-election scenario seemed to be regretting that in a post –election scenario. The virulent campaign conducted by the UNP on communal lines against the perceived SLFP-FP alignment had affected grass roots supporters of the party. Many suspected the charges to be true despite loyalty to the party.

Thus the SLFP leadership had to now prove to the rank and file that there was no “deal” with the FP and that no concession would be granted to demands articulated by the party. It also had to demonstrate that the party had not lost its pro-Sinhala moorings.

Reinforcing this pro-Sinhala hard line thought was the return of many prodigals to the mother party. A large number of these were avowed Sinhala hawks. Their return added strength to the proponents of total Sinhalaisation in the party. Under these circumstances the SLFP now seemed “ashamed” of its pre-poll tie up with the FP and seemed keen on distancing itself from the Tamil party.

The corollary of this state of affairs was increasing insecurity among the Tamil people about their political future. There was much apprehension and fear that the Govt was going to implement “Sinhala Only” in a big way throughout the Country.

Tamil trepidation in this respect was enhanced by two announcements by the Govt. One was that Sinhala would be implemented as the sole official language in all areas of administration with effect from January 1st 1961.

The second was the announcement that the Govt intended passing legislation making Sinhala as the Language of courts in all parts of the Island. Legislation to this effect had been introduced in 1959 but had lapsed after the proroguing of Parliament. Now the Govt wanted to resurrect it.

The FP was now under tremendous pressure from its Tamil constituency to do something in this regard. The FP had contested 21 seats in the July 1960 polled 218, 653 votes and obtained 16 seats. The party regarded itself as the legitimate representatives of the Tamil speaking people. The party therefore prepared a comprehensive memorandum incorporating the concerns of the Tamil people.

MEMORANDUM

The memorandum called for the full implementation of the Banda-Chelva pact and the provisions on Tamil language implementation agreed to by SWRD Bandaranaike. The FP wanted the Regional Councils to be set up and Tamil Language Special provisions act to be implemented.

The memorandum also requested the Govt to recognize the Tamil language as a national language spoken by the Tamil and Muslim people. Tamil was to be an administrative and courts language in the North and East. The FP also wanted arrangements for Tamils and Muslims in the seven Sinhala majority provinces enabling them to transact official business in Tamil.

The memorandum also pointed out that making Sinhala the sole official language had created two categories among Tamil public servants. One was those who had been recruited before the Sinhala only bill and the other those being recruited after it.

The first category called “old entrants” should be allowed to work in English or be allowed to retire with full benefits if they so desired. They should not be compulsorily retired or deprived of increments or promotions.

As for the second or “new entrants” category the FP did not object to the requirement of Sinhala proficiency. The party however did not want the Sinhala proficiency requirement to be used to deny or restrict employment opportunities for Tamils in Govt service.

A lengthy period of time should be given for Tamils to qualify in Sinhala. At the same time certain types of employees required to serve in Tamil speaking regions should be exempted from having to acquire Sinhala proficiency.

The Memorandum signed by all 16 FP Parliamentarians was addressed to the PM Mrs. Bandaranaike and requested a meeting with her. The party received a terse note acknowledging receipt. Instead of waiting passively the FP now engaged in intensive lobbying for further action.

July 1960 – Mrs Sirima Bandaranaike with cabinet ministers

Party leaders used their personal relationship with SLFP stalwarts to canvass for a meeting with the premier. Chelvanayakam dropped in at Felix Dias Bandaranaike’s residence. Other leaders met with ministers like CP de Silva, Maithripala Senanayake, TB Illangaratne, PBG Kalugalle , Sam PC Fernando and Badi-ud–din Mahmood at their offices .

TEMPLE TREES

As a result of this collective effort the Govt relented and a meeting between the Prime Minister and a FP delegation was set up at Temple Trees on November 8th 1960. The Govt team led by Mrs.Bandaranaike comprised ministers CP de Silva,Felix Dias Bandaranaike,TB Illangaratne,Sam PC Fernando,PBG Kalugalle and Dr.Badi-ud – din Mahmood.

The FP delegation led by its leader and Kankesanthurai MP SJV Chelvanayakam included Parliamentarians NR Rajavarothayam (Trincomalee)EMV Naganathan(Nallur), VA Kandiah(Kayts), SM Rasamanickam (Paddirupu), A. Amirthalingam (Vaddukkoddai) and non –Parliamentarians V.Navaratnam and SMM Mashoor Moulana.

The two hour long discussion was conducted cordially. Issues were discussed in detail.A second meeting was scheduled for November 23rd 1960 to follow up on matters.

The Nov 23rd meeting with the PM was also at Temple Trees. While the FP delegation consisted of the same people as before there was a change in the Govt team.CP de Silva,Mahmood and Kalugalle were absent. Instead two junior ministers were present.They were TB Tennekoon (Dambulla) and Mahanama Samaraweera (Matara).

The discussions went on for two hours like the previous occasion. At the end of it the FP was asked to prepare two documents for further discussion. One was a set of draft regulations regarding the Tamil Language (special Provisions) Act No 28 of 1958. The other was a draft bill to establish regional councils.No date was set for a third round of talks.

Whatever the optimism generated at these two rounds of talks it soon began evaporating as other events began overtaking. Media reports about the Govt-FP talks caused a backlash among hawkish Sinhala elements within the SLFP. The Govt went on the defensive and “apologized” to the Sinhala people for talking to the FP.

Felix Dias Bandaranaike underplayed the meetings with the FP and told newspapers that the govt only listened to representations made by the FP and did not discuss anything specifically. Mrs. Bandaranaike in another statement said she met the FP because that party had sent her a memorandum requesting a meeting to discuss matters relating to the implementation of Sinhala as an official language.

COURTS LANGUAGE

Even as these brief signs of SLFP-FP rapprochement began to fade away, fresh clouds gathered on the political horizon. In a sudden move that took the FP by surprise the Justice Minister Sam PC Fernando introduced parliamentary legislation relating to the language of courts. The draft Languages of the courts bill empowered the Justice minister to direct that Sinhala language alone be used for pleadings, recording of proceedings and maintenance of records in any court in the Island.

This drastic move by the govt made the FP feel betrayed. Tamils were upset and worried. Chelvanayakam pointed out that there was no provision in the bill for even courts in 100% Tamil areas to conduct affairs in Tamil. Lawyers in the North and East registered their protest by token boycotts of courts.

Despite Tamil opposition the Govt announced that it intended going ahead as planned. Felix Dias Bandaranaike rationalised the Govt stance by stating that the mandate upon which the SLFP was elected to office was that of total implementation of the Sinhala only policy of SWRD Bandaranaike.

The Federal Party’s working committee met in Batticaloa on December 4th 1960 and resolved to discontinue the on going dialogue with the Govt until the draft Language of the courts bill was altered to incorporate provisions for Tamil language also. The FP felt no useful purpose would be served by further discussion until this was done.

The Govt reacted harshly. It reiterated that it would go ahead as planned on the language of courts issue. Furthermore the Govt emphasised that it would implement the Sinhala only act in full and stated that the administration of the entire country would only be in Sinhala with effect from January 1st 1961.

With the Govt flinging down the gauntlet the FP held an emergency meeting of its Parliamentary group on December 18th. The party decided unanimously to observe a hartal or stoppage of work in the Northern and Eastern provinces on January 2nd 1961. This was the first working day after the proposed switching to Sinhala.The FP asked all Tamil speaking people regardless of party affiliation to observe the hartal.

On December 26th the working committee of the FP met and endorsed the decision to stage a hartal on Jan 2nd. A significant event occurred at that meeting when a stalwart from Vavuniya by the name of Sittampalam proposed that the FP abandon the demand for federalism and instead begin a campaign for a separate state. After hectic discussion this extremist proposal was rejected.

The aborted move was an indicator of the hardening of opinion among sections of the FP. In Sittampalam’s case he was influenced greatly by Prof. C. Sundaralingam who had represented Vavuniya in Parliament from 1947 – 1960. Sundaralingam had formed the “Adanga Thamilar Otrumai Munnani” (Defiant Tamil united Front) and demanded a separate state which he spelled as “Eylom”. Sundaralingam was defeated in both March and July 1960 elections.

The Govt went ahead with the Language of the courts bill despite Tamil protests. It was taken up for debate on December 30th 1960.Standing orders were suspended to enable Parliament to conclude the debate and vote on the same day.

The FP participated in the debate and moved amendments to the bill seeking to make Tamil the courts language in the North and East. These were rejected and defeated by voting. The courts language bill was debated throughout the night of Dec 30th and finally passed at 8 am on December 31st.

HARTAL

Chelvanayakam issued a statement calling upon the Tamil speaking people to observe the January 2nd hartal in a non – violent manner. He further said that the Tamil speaking people were left with no alternative other than to offer non – violent resistance. Saying there was immense suffering in store for the Tamil speaking people, Chelvanayakam observed ‘Whatever the sacrifices may be the way is clear for us which is to resist whole-heartedly and engage with full force in a one hundred percent non – violent struggle”.

Notwithstanding Chelvanayakam’s appeal for non – violence the Govt was not taking any chances. Armed force contingents were sent to the North and East to beef up the security presence in those regions. Chelvanayakam lamented this and said “It is regretted that the govt has sent armed forces to the north and east.We can only hope that those forces will not run riot”

The fears of the Govt about possible violence proved liars. The hartal was observed in all parts of the North and east without any mishap or violent incident. The security forces and Police simply remained alert without having to resort to action anywhere. The hartal was a big success and paralysed normal life for a day.

Elated by the hartal’s success, the FP revived its dormant action committee. The FP had formed an action committee comprising selected leaders to plan, coordinate and implement non – violent protests on a mass scale. The action committee had earlier given notice of two “Direct action” campaigns in 1957 and 1958.

Apr 1958 – Anti Tamil Riots – pic: PACT.lk

The campaigns did not take place. In 1957 it was abandoned because of the signing of the B-C pact. In 1958 it was not implemented because leaders of the FP were placed under house arrest after the 1958 anti-Tamil riots. The action committee had thereafter become inactive.

Revoking B-C pact – Apr 1958 – pics: pact.lk

Now the party revived and reconstituted the action committee which met on January 8th 1961 . The action committee decided on two courses of action. The first was to conduct a widespread “satyagraha” campaign in the north and east before February 20th 1961. The second was to stage the seventh national party convention of the FP in Jaffna on January 21st 1961 and ratify the decision to stage a massive Satyagraha campaign.

Vaddukkoddai MP A. Amirthalingam a firebrand in his younger days was then the president of the FP youth Front. He requested and obtained approval to stage the youth convention along with the national convention.

The stage was now being set for the launching of the Satyagraha campaign. The FP leader SJV Chelvanayakam was not convinced about the feasibility of a Satyagraha campaign. He was doubtful whether there would be public support for such a move because of the threat of repressive action by the govt. He was also worried about the outbreak of violence and the potential harm to civilian participants.

V. Navaratnam (October 18, 1909 – December 22, 2006)

GOLDEN BRAIN

Without Chelvanayakam’s support there was little chance of the party endorsing a Satyagraha at the convention. The formidable task of persuading Chelvanayakam fell on the shoulders of former Kayts MP V. Navaratnam. Described as the “Thanga moolai (Golden brain) of the FP , Navaratnam was a shrewd planner with the reputation of getting things done. In 1957 the action committee had entrusted him with the responsibility of planning and executing the famous FP march to Trincomalee.

Now the action committee had delegated the responsibility of conducting the Satyagraha to V Navaratnam (different to Chavakachcheri’s V.N. Navaratnam). Navaratnam met Chelvanayakam and outlined his proposed modus operandi for the Satyagraha. Chelvanayakam was half – convinced.

Chelvanayakam was finally converted to the cause of Satyagraha after an unofficial meeting of party members held at the FP headquarters ( No 25, second cross street, Jaffna). There Chelvanayakam invited V.Navaratnam to address the gathering and explain his blueprint for a Satyagraha.

Navaratnam then spoke . He said that batches of dedicated volunteers steeped in the tradition of non – violent protest would sit in front of the entrances to the Kachcheris or administrative secretariats of districts. They would prevent govt employees from working by blocking them. If one batch was arrested another batch would replace it. The Satyagraha would continue on an on going basis.

Since the Kachcheris were the nerve centers of district administration day to day governance would be paralysed. Once that happened the Satyagraha could be expanded to other Govt departments also. The campaign would commence in Jaffna. Thereafter it would be conducted in Batticaloa, Trincomalee, Mannar and Vavuniya. The ultimate objective was to paralyse civil administration in the North and East through non – violent action.

After Navaratnam’s incisive explanation the audience was firmly convinced. Chelvanayakam a devout Christian then retired to a private room for prayer. After praying the FP leader decided to go ahead with the Satyagraha campaign. Thereafter Chelvanayakam was resolute in conducting the Satyagraha campaign

Once Chelvanayakam threw in his lot with the Satyagraha project party endorsement for the campaign was assured. When the FP convention took place on January 21st the FP youth front also had its own session.

CONVENTION

The FP youth front passed a resolution calling for the picketing of Govt offices in the north and east,conducting a non – cooperation campaign against officials involved in implementing Sinhala as the official language and adopting measures to prevent the teaching of Sinhala in Tamil schools.

Amirthalingam in his capacity as youth front leader also submitted an appeal to the FP national convention calling upon the party to launch a civil disobedience campaign without delay.

Paddiruppu MP SM Rasamanickam was elected FP president at the convention. In his presidential address Rasamanickam revealed details of the efforts made by the party to reach an understanding with the SLFP govt and why they failed. He said the party had no choice other than to oppose the imposition of Sinhala by the Govt.

Taking note of sentiments expressed by younger members of resorting to a violent struggle Rasamanickam vehemently condemned such thoughts. He said the FP was moulded by principles of Mahatma Gandhi. “Our leader Chelvanayakam’s path is the Gandhian path. Ours is the Chelvanayakam path”, he proclaimed.

Four resolutions were passed at the FP convention.They were on caste discrimination, economic development, citizenship and the prevailing political situation. The political resolution was proposed by Chelvanayakam and seconded by Dr. Naganathan.It was carried unanimously amidst thunderous cheers and applause.

The concluding part of the resolution stated – “This convention taking into consideration the history of repeated betrayals and the utter futility of the method of negotiation and parliamentary action in the present governmental set-up, resolves that the only course open to the Tamil speaking people to protect their national honour and win back their freedom is to resort to non – violent direct action and ratifies the course of action set out in the directive of the party’s action committee”.

The mood at the FP convention was volatile and aggressive. Passions were running high against the actions of the SLFP government on the question of language. The ruling regime was determined to go ahead with the “Sinhalaisation” agenda and was engaged in a number of measures adding insult to injury as far as Tamils were concerned.

HUMILIATED

Parliament itself had passed a motion making Sinhala the language of the House of Representatives.Interpretation arrangements would be made for MP’s who could not understand or speak Sinhala. Tamil speaking MP’s felt deeply humiliated by this action.

Unlike the government of her enlightened husband, the government of Sirima Bandaranaike attempted to enforce the “Sinhala only” policy vigorously from January 1961 onwards without any compassion for the predicament of the Tamil speaking people.

All government departments and semi-govt boards and corporations were required to conduct official business in Sinhala only. All records and files were to be maintained in Sinhala alone. Communication with the public was also to be in the sole official language only.

Highly educated Tamils in respectable positions were rendered officially illiterate by govt fiat. Letters,notices and circulars were in the Sinhala language only. Tamil officers had to undergo the humiliating experience of relying on their Sinhala colleagues and subordinates to make sense of these.

Tamil professionals and businessmen receiving official letters in Sinhala had to procure the help of their Sinhala neighbours and minor employees like drivers and peons to understand them. In the predominantly Tamil areas of the North and east the situation was even more problematic. Sinhala bakery owners and boutique keepers were very much in demand there for translating.

Gazette notifications and newspaper notices advertising vacancies or employment opportunities in the public sector stipulated a working knowledge of Sinhala as an essential requirement or pre-condition. Those not proficient in Sinhala were automatically disqualified. Thus in practice public sector employment was being restricted to Tamils ,Muslims and even Burghers.

Those already in government service were also affected by the rapid Sinhalaisation process of the Sirima Bandaranaike regime. All govt employees were required to acquire a stipulated degree of proficiency within a prescribed time frame. Until then all promotions, salary emoluments and pay increments would be withheld. Sinhala classes were started at govt departments . Attendance was mandatory.

In a counter move the FP had asked all Tamil govt employees to refrain from working in Sinhala. They were asked not to study Sinhala and to boycott Sinhala classes. Members of the Tamil public were asked not to transact official business in Sinhala.They were asked to refuse official correspondence in Sinhala and to write official letters in Tamil to govt offices.

While the FP appeal met with an overall affirmative response there were many Tamil govt servants who did not oblige. For one thing they were of the old school type and believed in adhering obediently to govt directives. Also many had put in years of service and did not want to risk losing employment suddenly.

IMPOSITION

There were however many young Tamil employees who defied the imposition of Sinhala as sole official language. Many refused to work in Sinhala and lost their jobs.Others worked without acquiring Sinhala proficiency thereby losing promotions and salary increases. Some Tamil employees challenged the govt diktat in courts and met with resounding success at the Privy council (Kodeeswaran case).

FP leaders sent numerous letters to ministers of the govt and the Premier about this disturbing state of affairs. Sadly most letters went unanswered. In a few instances routine notes of receipt were sent without any follow up action.

It could be seen therefore that the Tamil socio-political environment was rippling with tension. Even if unable to articulate their views publicly in a forthright manner almost every politically conscious Tamil was seething with hostility at government action.There were however differences of opinion about dealing with the situation.

In an emotion charged atmosphere the FP national convention ratified the decision to launch a Satyagraha campaign in a phased out manner. The action committee was empowered to take necessary measures.

The FP action committee met on January 29th and decided to implement the preliminary phase of the direct action campaign. This was to issue a direct appeal to all govt employees in the north and east to refrain from working in Sinhala after informing them of FP plans to paralyse civil administration through a Satyagraha campaign.

Accordingly on January 30th the FP leader Chelvanayakam led a group of volunteers to the Jaffna kachcheri and issued leaflets. He also spoke with many govt servants and solicited their cooperation. Likewise Amirthalingam led a group to the Jaffna courts and issued leaflets with an appeal.He also addressed an impromptu gathering.

Other Federal party MP’s and senior leaders followed suit in the days that followed. They visited government offices in all parts of the Jaffna peninsula on a staggered basis. This action was replicated by FP activists in other districts of the North and East also.

LEAFLET

The leaflet noted in its appeal that Tamil should be to the Tamil speaking people what Sinhala is to the Sinhala speaking people. It stated that the govt had rejected a unanimous request by the Tamil speaking people for Tamil to be the administrative language in the north and east and was now trying to “force Sinhala down our throats”.

It further noted that the “Tamil speaking people have no alternative but to resist this wicked policy of the govt” and that “we are engaged in a life and death struggle for our birthright”.

The leaflet ended with a three –pronged appeal. The three requests were –

1.please do not do any work in your office in Sinhala.

2.Please do not attend to any official communication in Sinhala.

3.Please do not sign or use an official frank in Sinhala.

In the aftermath of the leaflet campaign, Justice minister Sam PC Fernando addressed the nation on Jan 29th over radio. He appealed to the Tamil speaking people not to be deceived and misled by Federal party mischief makers.

Fernando said he was prepared to discuss difficulties faced by the Tamil people on the language front and make adjustments to remove inconveniences and irritants. He would also instruct govt departments to send Tamil translations with letters in Sinhala. He further said that the govt was ready to make adjustments without prejudice to the official languages act in instances where hardship was caused.

Chelvanayakam responded to the Justice minister through the newspapers in the following manner. “Our party has arrived at this decision after giving a full trial to methods of negotiation.It produced no results from the government side.Even our letters were not acknowledged.The minister’s statement comes nowhere near the mark.He does not understand our position or is underestimating our intelligence.We will as true Satyagrahis, always keep the door of negotiations open. But we cannot abandon the fundamental rights of our people”.

The preliminary phase of the Satyagraha campaign conducted throughout the north and east in stages concluded without any hitch. There was no violence anywhere. A certain amount of awareness had been created in the minds of govt employees about the forthcoming direct action campaign.

The FP followed through by holding meetings and rallies in various parts of the north and east. The public at large was informed of the Satyagraha and asked to be ready. The FP also began registering volunteers for the Satyagraha and conducting classes on the basic tenets of non – violent agitation.

MOURNING

When Freedom day dawned on February 4th the FP declared it a day of mourning for Tamils. Black flags were hoisted throughout the North – east. The highlight of the day of mourning was a procession staged by Tamil youths from Urumpirai to Jaffna.

A coffin with copies of the Sinhala only act and Language of the courts act was carried and set on fire after mock funeral rites were done by Kayts MP VA Kandiah. Amirthalingam stood on a parapet wall and addressed the crowd.

The FP’s action committee went ahead with its plans for commencing the satyagraha on February 20th. On February 19th the action committee formally approved the phased out plan for the campaign. Chelvanayakam issued a lengthy statement informing the public of the direct action campaign.

After explaining the background and specifying the reasons necessitating such a protest the statement concluded thus –

“The whole of the Tamil speaking nation revolts against these measures;then the question is what must we do now? Should we stand by and witness the destruction of our race?Or should we act? In similar circumstances Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian national Congress resorted to action which was against the laws of the country but was characterised as moral and patriotic conduct.

Our party has decided likewise. We are prepared to face the consequences of our action which may be very serious. We have no misgiving about the strength and capacity of the government to resort to oppressive measures and oppress our people. One thing is certain. Our campaign cannot result in failure unless we or our actions are disowned by our people.

The measure of success depends on the extent to which our people get trained to resist the unjust measures of a government that rules them without their consent”.

DIRECT ACTION

The lengthy statement issued by Chelvanayakam set out the parameters of the direct action campaign. D-day dawned on February 20th 1961.

The first batch of Satyagraha volunteers all from the Kankesanthurai electorate represented by SJV Chelvanayakam converged at the FP office at No 25 , 2nd cross street,Jaffna.

The non – violent contingent then started out in a procession towards the Jaffna Kachcheri situated along the Jaffna – Kandy A-9 highway. The feeble and sickly Chelvanayagam dressed in “Verti and Salvai” was at the head of the group

Since Chelvanayakam known as “Thanthai Chelva” (father) walked very slowly the volunteers also proceeded at a very slow pace. Two poetic slogans were frequently chanted.

One was “Thamilar Selvathu Enthap Paathai? Thanthai Chelva Kaatum Paathai” (On which path are Tamils going on? The path shown by Father Selva).

The other was “mella,mella nadanthu sellum Methai Chelvanayakam, Sellukindra Vazhiyil sellvom Thamizh Thondarkal Naam” (Genius Chelvanayakam walks slowly, slowly. We Tamil disciples follow in the same path he goes )

Finally the Satyagrahis reached the Kachcheri premises and took up positions in front of the entrances to the Kachcheri. The time was 7.30 am.

NEXT: BRUTALITY, VIOLENCE AND MASS SUPPORT

Part 1: 50th Anniversary of 1961 Tamil “Satyagraha” campaign

DBS Jeyaraj can be reached at djeyaraj2005@yahoo.com

101 Comments

  1. kutty says:

    When I read this article with so much detail I get the idea that the Tamil leaders could have been more patient. When the justice minister called for talks they should have gone and seen

  2. Keith says:

    It is really an experience to read about this important history in ethnic relations of our country

    You are reproducing history in an eminently readable manner

    Brilliant!

  3. Mahesh says:

    This Sinhala only is against the Natural Justice for the Tamils. How did the courts react to it. Was any case filed in the Supreme court of Sri Lanka and how that case was disposed off.

  4. S.Thillaiambalam says:

    I was disappointed to see your article missing on Friday.Thought you skipped it but was very happy to see it now on sunday Mr.Jeyaraj.

    You are refreshing my memory of those hectic events of the past with some intricate details

    I am looking forward to see further instalments

    More power to your elbow

  5. Ratnam Ganesh says:

    Sir John was for parity and we all know after the SLFP turned to Sinhala only, the UNP also went in that path. While
    (1) the workers in the South through unions like CMU and many other trade unions like CP Moscow wing and Chinese wing stood for Equal status for all communities, irrespective of race, religion or whatever the difference is.,
    (2) Also the LSSP and the CP along with other left and progressive forces in the south stood for Parity of status . They were stoned at the New Town Hall in Colombo for standing for the rights of Tamils. (What happened after 1964 is a different question. )
    Why didn’t the FP or the Tamil Congress did not align with the progressive forces and Fight for the cause if they are serious about the Tamil cause?
    Why shall they align with the UNP and SLFP. Is it just because they want to identify with the elites and the Cinnamon Gardens Politicians.
    Where were they? G.G in Bullers Lane. Selva in Alfred House Gardens Naganathan in Near Bullers Rd (sorry I forgot Now) and Thiru.. in Rosmead Place
    Did they fight for Tamil”s Cause or fight for the cause of the elites?

  6. amuthu says:

    too late Mr.

  7. Nerudal says:

    Greetings DBSJ!
    Very well put together an article, which many do not know. I was not even born then but my old man told me about this and what you’ll write on your next article – brutal outcome.
    What tamils think at this point do no matter because tamils have lost everything and betrayed, humiliated by many regimes. I strongly hope my fellow sinhala bros/sis understand what our ancestors went through, and as a result LTTE and many other militias born.
    As many claim here, there is no such sinhala only act in effect at the moment, but they must understand it’s the feel of insecure.
    Years have ran by but the mentality hasn’t changed. It’s the same regime. First said solution in place, then said home grown solution, now there is nothing……same pattern.
    Enough is enough, as a tamil i am reaching to my own country men to unite and fight for eachother. We both have lost enough. You paid a price for continually betraying and deceiving tamil population, and tamils paid a heafty price for taking up violent struggle.
    Now the time is right, all the ducks are lined up…why do we have to make eachother feel insecure or deceive eachother. World is quickly changing, youngsters are coming forward with a broad mind, why do we still have to force one thing into another?
    We all can live peacefully in one paradise island, this can only be done if we start respecting eachother and actually start treating eachother equal. As an “ilankai” tamilan, i am willing to hold your hand for a “true” reconciliation, but are you? I leave it up to my fellow sinhala brothers/sisters.

  8. Canaga says:

    Just a quick comment on #5 – Ratnam Ganesh:

    Selva was living in a rented house at Alfred House Gdns. It was not his own house. The Tamil news publication was also at his expense. He gave up his practice as a QC – because of the political demands of time. A very humble and not a money ambitious person.

    Thiruchelvam was not an elected member. When the FP was given a ministerial position in the governement, none of the elected members of FP were chosen, but an outside person – Thiru was chosen and he was nominated to the Senate position by the FP.

    GG of course was a very rich person mainly as a QC and the cases he conducted including the Sathasivam murder case.

    FP was formed as they did not wish to be a spent force with the government of the day! GG willingly joined and the persoanal benefits all know! This is why FP did not join the TC.

    The FP was not one of the ‘elite’ forces.

    will comment later.

  9. Chan says:

    Very interesting article. This first I have read, which gives real detail and not spin (perhaps). The tragedy of the years of loss and conflict is that a few prevailing political Sinhala (SLFP) individuals poorly executed policies, resulted in a pointless escalation of violence by a minority of Tamils. In the end the majority of the SriLankan people of all ethnic classes had to suffer for the actions of a few. The armed campaign could never be justified by the Tamils Tigers. Insecurity is born out of ignorance. Maybe both Sinhalese and Tamils can zero the clock and move on after learning from past actions.

  10. TRN says:

    7. Nerudal | As an “ilankai” tamilan, i am willing to hold your hand for a “true” reconciliation, but are you? I leave it up to my fellow sinhala brothers/sisters.
    ___________________

    Yes brother We are ! lets march forward for equality.
    ========================
    I am truely ashamed of the arrogant way the PM & the cabinet acted on the language issue.
    A true leader would have never bowed down to pressure.
    Yes the emotional voting for the ‘weeping widow’ was sure a great mistake by our fore fathers.

    How easily we could have avoided the misery of our people if we had wise leaders..

    Dear tamil speaking brothers & sisters… I appologise to you all on behalf of our sinhala leaders. As a sinhalese we all have a collective guilt.

  11. tharis says:

    Excellent article to understand the roots of Tamil struggle.
    I am eager to reads comments of the usual anti-LTTE , Anti_ Diaspora commenters’ views on this particular topic…
    strangely there isnt lot of comments on this articel and on the previous one.

  12. An Eelam citizen says:

    **The measure of success depends on the extent to which our people get trained to resist the unjust measures of a government that rules them without their consent”.**

    SJV’s statement is still applicable.
    An Eelam citizen

  13. [...] Non-violent direct action campaign begins in Jaffna-50th Anniversary of 1961 Tamil Satyagraha-2 [...]

  14. k.k.sunil says:

    This is the last hour we sinhalese have to correct the grave mistkes done for non- violent tamils by our political optunits.

  15. Perera says:

    Muslims do not find Sinhala as a problem.

  16. dilshan F says:

    Foolishness on the part of the ‘Sinhala Only’ politicians have been the cause of many miseries.

    Sadly most of them have been in Missionary schools and have lived with Tamil friends. What were they thinking? How could they ever think of a Sinhalese only nation?

    I hope they rot in hell parked in a place where only Tamil is spoken.

    My apologies for mentioning even that ‘tamil’ is spoken in Hell.

  17. Ranjan,Toronto says:

    DBS,

    I can only hope that the general Sinhalese public will get to read what you have written. The bulk of the population in Sri Lanka is young and most of this stuff happened before they were born. It is very importnat that the young leaders of present understnad clearly what happened and not make the mistakes of the past.

    I don’t think in this day and age, anything like Sinhala only act will be tried, but it is importnat to know and understand the history.

    Thank you for writing this and educating us.

    DBSJ RESPONDS:

    Thanks Ranjan. I am also both unlearning and learning a lot about the past in the process of researching past history.As the bard of Avon said about the quality of mercy this too is “twice blessed”

  18. pasumpon says:

    will thanthai chelva way work in current situation ? dont know but tamil’s need chelva kind of leader to fight for their right . i m waiting for your next article

  19. Mr.Native Tamil says:

    3. Mahesh

    How did the courts react to it?

    Later ordered to devide North-East as seprate province against Indo-Lanka accord. In Srilanka Justice is upside down.

  20. j.muthu says:

    Dear DBSJ,
    Strategy of Tamils still continues, Sinhala never going to learn anything after 63 yrs after independence. .they will celebrate mad Prabas down fall for another 1000yrs. They will never going for a peace existence with Tamils. They want to dominate and ruin their life and Tamils life forever. Mad Sinhala evil leaders busy with planting bo tree and put Sinhala blood thirsty Buddha statue in our beloved land. Sinhala evil criminals looking for looting and robbing our people. This is the situation in our land.
    HOPE AND WAIT. OUR PAST LEADERS TRY THEIR BEST; ONLY DIVINE POWER CAN SERVE OUR PEOPLE.

  21. dilshan F says:

    20 J Muthu,
    Do not be so negative on the general sinhala speaking people who have absolutely no desire to celebrate Prabas death but eke out a living.

    But we must we vary of the rabble rousers and those who take ethnicity language and culture for political gain.

    Planting a bo tree nor building a new hindu temple will cause disharmony unless we see it with ulterior motive.

    Its upto you and me to stop these acts a violence and hatred and foolishness lest what happened before happen again.

  22. Ilaya Seran Senguttuvan says:

    Sinhala friends reading this narrative here – of events after 50 years – will have their oft-asked question “what problems do the Tamils have today” answered. In many ways actions of the Govt under Mrs B exacerbated the problem more than that which Tamils were forced to endure under her husband. Inspite of this, those on the extreme across both divides will note, Mrs B walked across to Amir and the FP MPs in Parliament and thanked them profusely – with clasped palms – for the principled stance and courage by the TULF MPs to sxtrongly speak on her defence when her civic rights were violated by the JRJ Govt. Amir and his TULF colleagues to forget the Tamil sufferings imposed under Mrs B and yet fight on her behalf will go down as one of the finer moments of Sinhala-Tamil relations of recent decades.

    Yet another incident of note is that one where MrsB’s Pan Sinhala Govt may have misdirected themselves in putting the observations of the Privy Council on the Kodeeswaran case in cold-storage allowing it to die there with the passage of the 1972 Republican Constitution. What the Privy Council was stating in other words was Kodeeswaran’s rights were violated and that his appeal should be allowed. What since happened in the judicial process to reach the pitiful tmes of today in the collapse of the law have roots going back to the times discussed here. That it happened under a legal luminary like Dr Colvin R de Silva around
    makes the issue that more unfortunate.

    ISS

    .

  23. R.S.Ganeshan says:

    #8Canaga

    It was Mr.Dingle Foot Q.C. assisted by Dr.Colvin R de Silva who appeared for the defence in the said case and not GG Ponnambalam.

  24. San says:

    A well researched historical account which, I am sure, most of the younger generation is unaware of.

  25. Palan says:

    3. Mahesh
    There was the famous C.Kodeswaran case.
    The young tamil clerical servants removed themselves from Arasanka Likithar Samkam(dupped ALI Sangam) and started Arasanka Elutuivilaignar Sangam which performed many commendable actions. One of them was to initiate a court action on behalf of a member, Kodeswaran challenging the Sinhala Proficiency stipulation. It was successful at the Ditrict court but overturned at Supreme Court and went upto Privy Council. The Government then was forced tp make a distinction between the old recruitments who were later exempted from Sinhala proficiency requirement..

    The Supreme Court decision is available here. Probably someone might give a link to the Privy Council decision.
    (Kodeswaran later bacame a Lawyer himself and was one of the founder members of V.Navaratnam;s Suyatchi Kalagam. He bacame one of LTTE’s local legal advisers but unfortunately he was reportedly murdered by LTTE)
    http://www.lawnet.lk/docs/case_law/nlr/common/html/NLR70V121.htm

    On 4th December 1961 a new Treasury Circular No. 560 provided that Officers of the category to which the plaintiff belonged must pass a proficiency test in Sinhala. According to this Circular a Tamil officer (as the plaintiff is) is required to pass a test in Sinhala at 3rd standard level within one year from 1st January 1961, a test at 5th standard level within two years, and at J. S. C. standard within three year3.

    The Circular provided for suspension of an increment falling due after February 17, 1962 in a case of an officer failing the test. The plaintiff did not present himself for the requisite examination, and the suspension of his increment which fell due on April 1, 1962 was ordered in pursuance of the Circular on the ground that he had not passed the first of the language tests prescribed in the Circular.

    One of the grounds on which the plaintiff’s action was resisted by the Attorney-General is that a public servant in Ceylon has no right to sue the Crown for the recovery of wages claimed to be due for service under the Crown. This defence, which was rejected by the learned trial Judge, raises questions of great importance and difficulty, and the Court is much indebted to Counsel for the full and able arguments presented at the hearing of this appeal.

  26. Ranjan, Toronto says:

    22. Ilaya Seran Senguttuvan

    You make some very good points here. Only thing that I want to add to what you have written here is that, the legal luminary that was Dr Colvin R de Silva was also primarily responsible for the Republican Constitution of 1972. The intellectual giant of his time, who fought for the underprivileged class and ethnic equality under socialist principles all his life, ultimately sold his soul for power.

    Some thing that I want to add to my comment #17 is that while taking away the rights of the Tamil population and laying foundation to what happened subsequently, the misguided “Sinhala only” policies also did something else that lot of people have not thought about. These policies made sure that at least two generations of Sinhalese village kids grew up with very little or no English, effectively depriving them of easy access to all the vast knowledge on science, literature, commerce and politics that is available in English (and other international languages). This policy also made sure that we raised up two generations of kids who has very little ability to interact and communicate with the world. We see this even today when we listen and look at how Sri Lanka’s representatives (most, but not all) speak and conduct themselves at international forums. All this while the sons and daughters of the people who pushed through Sinhala only policies were educated in private schools, became fluent in English and went to places like Oxford and Sorbonne.

    I am an engineer and I do regularly meet a fair number of new immigrants from Sri Lanka who are engineers and scientists. Most with many, many years of experience of working in Sri Lanka. It is so distressing to see how these people, who I have no doubt are excellent engineers or scientists, but can not communicate properly in English. And because of that most of them get shut out of jobs that are well paying and that they probably could do very well and end up doing jobs that are well below their intellectual capacity. Just because they were deprived of access to an international communication medium that is English.

  27. Bala.M says:

    Hello DBSJ

    Very informative article. 60s are so bad everywhere. Even in USA Martin L. King was struggling against white supremacy. But Obama is US President now. Hope that kind of change would come in Sri Lanka too. Please keep educating all.

  28. peacelover says:

    Dear DBSJ,
    Article as such will educate the people who still claim that “Tamils have no problem in Srilanka?”

    Also pls see below url link of another documentary about burning Jaffna Library in 1981, which you may want to include in your future articles on “Tamils non-violent struggle in Srilanka”
    http://www.cultureunplugged.com/play/1613/Burning-Memorie

    #10 TRN
    “I am truly ashamed of the arrogant way the PM & the cabinet acted on the language issue.
    A true leader would have never bowed down to pressure…………
    How easily we could have avoided the misery of our people if we had wise leaders..”

    TRN, Tamil supremacy during English rule create Sinhala minority complex, which leads to the creation of discriminative policies by successive sinhala governments to supress tamils.
    Such constitutional changes and denial of equal rights to minorities, mainly to tamils lead to the creation of Tamils minority complex, which initially expressed by tamils as non-violent agitation against sinhala governments and later failure of such protests transformed into armed struggle by tamil youths.

    We both communities went around a circle and paid hectic price for our madness in this globalized economy. We lost a vast majority of opportunities, and continue to do so until to this day.
    I believe majority of sinhala mass who are in jubilation over the victory of suppressing Tamils’ armed struggle has the responsibility to extend their friendly hand to tamils and turn that island into a true paradise, where everyone will enjoy peace and freedom with dignity.
    If Sinhalese make the same blunder as they did in early fifties, they will regret it forever.
    I firmly believe this because of the fact that, unfortunately Srilankan president and his son are close allies of Libyan Kaddafi and most of world’s opinion turned against Kaddafi at this point of history, which will be also reflected on future decisions by world leaders on dealing with Tamils issue in Srilanka.
    What we are witnessing in Libya, Tunisia, Egypt, etc should be a lesson for Srilankan politicians in making wise decisions on Tamil’s issue.

  29. Palani says:

    Excellent piece of writing DBS anna,

    I can’t see much different in the present scenario of the country the same external pressure put the leader of the country to not to take wise decision

    The resent statement said by President about “federalism is not acceptable by majority Sinhalese” is a example

    I always had a feeling that Tamil didn’t try had on Ghandisum but this article change my stand.

    This is a history review but must read for the present leaders

    In ur article a phase said
    “The Govt went on the defensive and “apologized” to the Sinhala people for talking to the FP”

    Is it a fault of the Leaders or people ? I still don’t know

    We need another hundreds of “Thandai Chelva” for Sri Lanka

    Again will that will help with present leadership,

    Will be a big ?????

  30. xsrilankan says:

    Lot of information in the is article. Good timing as well.
    Its plain simple – Singhala government will never share any sort of power with the Tamils. They will fool the Tamils again and again.

  31. punchinilame says:

    The Sri Lanka Politicians will never, never change as
    long as the Tamil Issue hangs about. This can be easily
    predicted by the continued direction they are taking -
    the latest: The stripes in the National Flag will be eliminated
    in future for all Official Flag hoisting?

  32. Ilaya Seran Senguttuvan says:

    Ranjan (# 26)

    I am an admirer of Colvin – for his wit, his wide repertoire of the English language and his brilliant oratory. I was too young when the LSSP won the hearts of men and women of reason with their consistent and principled stand on parity for the two languages from the 40s to 1964 (?) Later on when I was President of a service organization a friend of mine, a high judicial officer, helped bring his friend Colvin for one of our meetings. We spent the evening together thereafter and I profited immensely speaking to a man of great versatility, humour and all round wisdom. I was not surprised to learn later when he was part of a Parliamentary delegation to the US with JR, C Pde Silva and others he is reported to have countered Senator William Fullbright in a speech where he had maintained, contradicting the Senato’rs strong position on Communism, people have a right to chose the form of Govt – communist or otherwise. I was told he impressed Fullbright and other Senators immensely
    wit his sparkling address . I am sure some in the wide readership of this blog will know more of the incident I refer to. His death caused me immense distress for I shared the view of many the void removed from us a great son of the soil.

    However, justice for the Tamils died when he and the LSSP later fell victim to the seduction of office
    He had that unique historic opportunity to bring lasting unity when he was entrusted with producing the Republican Constitution of 1972. He undermined the Tamil cause and that of national unity by jettisoning the provisions of the previous 29C. The brilliant and far-sighted lawyer he was he may have understood the fears of Jennings that a scramble to share resources in the future will strain National Unity and, therefore, a safeguard for minority rights was sine qua non. Colvin also failed to retain that vital feature of an appeal to a higher Court outside the inevitable political and religious susceptibilities and maneouverings of our judicial weaknesses to come. I know having taken the Republican path placing the final say in judicial matters to a Court outside the country will impinge on questions of soveriegnity. But there were ways of oovercome this through action of a pioneering nature.

    I am aware a present Minister and a former judicial officer have exhauseted reams of paperb in recent years trying to defend Colvin and the LSSP in both matters – but somewhat unconvincingly, if I may.
    The empirical reality in all these is even the finest of brains makes mistakes – some in human error while others by commission due to various extraneous reasons.

    ISS

  33. wathsala says:

    Two language rule only given troubles

    Very recent rejection of local election nominations of north is nothing but language problem.

    The sinhala name of ruling party ending is frount
    (sandanaya) . When it was translating with tamil it got a problem. This problem ultimatly leads to reject whole nominations. It means after 30 years too this time people of north would not have choice to cast their vote. If these nominations were filled in sinhala there would not be any problem because the authority could be check the error.

    Therefore rulling by two languages make only problems.

  34. Yogesh Karayalar says:

    Will we get Chelvas in the future? Let us pray to the almighty. Let us not get Prabha’s in the future. Any way let us give a salute to Prabhakaran. Fighters get only that.

    Mullivayikkal tragedy can be remembered regularly to highlight the miseries the tamils faced due to the violent path that was adopted by some misguided tamil youth.

    Thank you very much jeyaraj for explaining the tamil politics of 50s and 60s. I know the tamil politics only from 80′s. We expect more from you.

  35. Urgent need for democracy says:

    When will we learn to live as Sri Lankans? What does it matter what language is spoken, Or what color we are, or what we do?
    Our so called “leaders” committed another huge blunder by overlooking a true hero! He is one of the most decorated men to serve in our armed forces. He was indeed next in line and the most qualified for the position; but was forced to retire prematurely, because of his ethnicity.

  36. Mr.NATIVE TAMIL says:

    33. Wathsala

    You always make me laugh by your “Mathana Mutha” style comments.

    “Two language rule only given troubles…..If these nominations were filled in sinhala there would not be any problem because the authority could be check the error.”

    Then how is in Switzerland they have 4 Official languages? German, French, Italian and the Romansh-speaking valleys.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Switzerland

    Because of their shared values -federalism, direct democracy, neutrality.

    Why we couldn’t manage even 2 Languages? Why Bandaranayake and ‘Mahavamsa Mindset’ Sinhala Budhist Bikkus dragged the country into the dark era
    by Sinhala only Act? Why many Tamil Government servents resigned their jobs? Why ‘Thanthai Selva’ did the Sathyagraga for ‘Tamil Arasu’?

    Yes if we have proper ‘Tamil Arasu’ authority in NorthEast province it would not be any problem because our authority could be check the error and
    rectify in a timely and professional manner.

    Can I summarize this whole article in one sentence?

    Are we ready for Federalism, Direct democracy, and Neutrality?

  37. TRN says:

    33. wathsala

    Please keep ur dumb comments to yourself.

    what a stupid example your giving.

    Its is the fault of the officials who are unable to check the minute points not the fault of official language.

    I couldn’t resist commenting.
    It is said in proverbs ‘never advice a fool he /she will become your enemy’

  38. Nelum says:

    Aney Jeyaraj.

    This time your article was not there in Saturday Daily Mirror, no? I was so disappointed. Later it came only on Monday Daily mirror . Then only I was happy. Why did this happen? what happened Aney? Tell will you?

    DBSJ RESPONDS:

    Aiyo Nelum.

    So sorry aney to cause you disappointment on Saturday. But anyway it came on Monday and made you happy no?

    So Saturday sad.Monday glad. Not so bad no?

    There was a small mix up and so article got delayed for Daily Mirror. So I also delayed posting it on my blog

    Now everything’s ok Nelum. Not to worry Kella

  39. Dr. Kathir says:

    As a professor and a reserach student of Diverse Cultures and Humans, I was asked to present a paper at the university of Kent two years ago for a seminar.

    I chose the following title for my paper: COLLECTIVE VOICE AND COLLECTIVE VIOLENCE.

    The first part of the title deals with the true meaning of democracy. The voice of the people.

    The Tamils in 1977 articulated a COLLECTIVE VOICE and that articulation of terms cannot be ignored.

    What this article describes led the people to speak IN ONE VOICE IN A COLLECTIVE MANNER.

    The readers of this articl are invited to think about the COLLECTIVE VOICE OF THE MINORITY TAMILS IN SRI LANKA.

    Thanks.

    Dr. Kathir

  40. shankar says:

    This second artcle only highlights what a colossal blunder chelva made when he did not say to the GG “i will give unqualified support to an SLFP government for 2 years”. These 12 words would have made an immense difference to the history of our nation, provided the GG was not looking for another excuse for calling an election.

    It shows we can’t afford to have gentleman in politics. It would have been better for the tamils if chelva did not enter into politics.You can’t be a gentleman playing a game with the other guy cheating or trying to cheat all the time.Then you have only 2 choices. One is to say i don’t want to play this game anymore. The second one is to say the game goes on, but this guy who is a greater cheater than you will play for me instead.

    As for the GG, did he do the right thing by calling for the elections. I think he did, because his decision paved the way for a stable government, regardless of the fact that it was led by a moron with low IQ. The GG’s job is not to have IQ tests or decide on who leads a party, but to see that there is a stable government in the country. I may be wrong about the constitutional role of the GG, but that’s what i feel.

    When the SLFP increased its position from 46 seats to 75, puff went whatever influence the FP would have had with it. That is politics. You have to patiently wait for the next election and not make the mistakes you made at the previous one.

    The FP asking tamil public servants not to learn sinhalese when the government is providing classes is stupid. Learning another persons language makes you stronger vis a vis that person, as long as it is not at the expense of your own language.

    As perera commented,the muslims know sinhalese, but when they meet they talk in tamil. They are the ones who have steadily come up after independence, while the stupid tamils and sinhalese are bashing each other.

  41. Mahesh says:

    40. shankar

    You are right. You should have played the prisoner’s dilemma in this case.

    But I also feel that politicking with a minority govt will not take you far. You can’t always bargain from a position of strength.

    The dominant of the party will always invent some reasons not to do certain things which it does not want to do any way.

    You could have tried that stream of politics and could have found out that that doesn’t take you far. That satisfaction you would have got.

    When one person breaks down the written assurances then how can you expect him to adhere to the verbal assurances.

    ==================

    25. Palan

    Thanks for your information and link. Will go through them and I do believe i will be able to understand this issue better. Thank you.

    ————————————

  42. Saman says:

    Shankar

    “As perera commented,the muslims know sinhalese, but when they meet they talk in tamil. They are the ones who have steadily come up after independence, while the stupid tamils and sinhalese are bashing each other.”

    Can’t agree more.

    Mark my word. In another 25 years Sinhalese and Tamils will be united like brothers. We all are Indians and our basic ethical values are the same. Population growth rate also the same. Actually one group is no threat to the existence of the other.

    Give up this craze for mono ethnic enclaves which makes Sinhalese tremble in fear due to existence of 60 million Tamils just 20 miles across. Let us forever keep in mind what historically happened to North India, Indonesia and Maldive Islands.

  43. TRN says:

    28. peacelover
    ‘I believe majority of sinhala mass who are in jubilation over the victory of suppressing Tamils’ armed struggle has the responsibility to extend their friendly hand to tamils and turn that island into a true paradise, where everyone will enjoy peace and freedom with dignity.
    __________________________________

    Yes there was jubilation by the sinhala masses but it was not purely the reson you state – victory of suppressing the tamils. May be a monority.

    I would say majority were relieved of the menace of terror they endured daily. Especially the sequentail bomb explotions on public transport were affecting and killing the common man in the street.

    Not only the sinhala mases the poeple in N&E and bordering villages too would have sighed relief as they were freeded of fear. I’m sure absence of war means some relief to all of sri lankan citizens.

    it is how one looks at it. try and understand the other person without bias.

    I personally do not agree celebratin the ‘war victory’ but we should always remeber the 1000 s who died in war and due to the war and its effects. I have noticed the weather started getting worse since the government planned the 1st yr victory celebrations and the floods hit colombo. since then the bad weather keeps hitting this island… I think this is not a coincidence but and eye opener to us all sri lankans.

    We all need serious lessons to learn & re learn and correct our selves from within our hearts.

  44. Balan says:

    The Federal party’s four main objectives were to achieve:

    1. Federal autonomy
    2. Parity of status for the two languages
    3. re-enfranchisement of the Indian Tamil plantation workers
    4. Cessation of state-aided colonization

    The BC pact of 1957 was considered as ‘interim adjustments’ because it did not address all issues that was raised. It satisfied FP’s principal demands to some extend – since it was a compromise. That is why the FP preferred to term it an ‘interim adjustment’. He understood the difficulty SWRD had at that time. That is why he accepted some of the solutions with the view to achieve the balance later.

    This is well explained by A J Wilson commenting on this ‘interim adjustment’ in his book Sri Lankan Tamil Nationlism, p84,
    When SJV Chelva signed the Dudley- Chelvanayagam (DC) pact that too was based on the same principle. Everybody knows that even DC pact later became a scrap of paper that was assigned to the dustbin of history.

    Even the provincial council is a waste of resources for want of decentralization of power.

    If we consider the period before 1982, (without LTTE and separatism), for around 3 decades, the moderate Tamil politicians were asking for a federal constitution. The government of SL should have at least allowed the people of the North to develop their own areas.

    The Tamils are hard working, if things were decentralized, they would have put up industries, they wouldn’t have gone to the south looking for employment and settle down in Colombo.

    Those who call themselves moderate also sometimes change their color, one such example is Dr. Colvin R. De Silva (a declared Marxist and a leader of the Lanka Sama Samaja Party)

    This is what Dr. Colvin R. De Silva said in 1956,

    if you mistreat them (Tamils), if you ill treat them…. if you oppress and harass them, in the process you may cause to emerge in Ceylon, from that particular racial stock with its own language and tradition, a new nationality to which we will have to concede more claims than it puts forward now… If we come to the stage where instead of parity, we through needless insularity, get into the position of suppressing the Tamil … federal demand… there may emerge separatism.’ (Dr Colvin R. De Silva, Sinhala Opposition Member of Parliament, Hansard, June 1956).

    The same Dr. Colvin R. De Silva after 15 years, accepted appointment as Minister of Constitutional Affairs in Mrs. Srimavo Bandaranaike’s government in 1970.
    Rejecting the proposal for a federal constitution, he urged the Sri Lanka Constituent Assembly on 15 March 1971:

    Mr. Chairman, there is a Unitary Constitution in Sri Lanka. This has been there for a very long time… If we were to divide the country and unite once again we will face many problems as evidenced by our history.. .. I submit this proposal for a Unitary Constitution for approval by all sections of this Assembly.

    SVJ was one of the greatest leaders we ever had in Sri Lanka. It is pathetic that the present generation, not having firsthand experience with this great man, and hearing about him from second or third hand sources talk about him as if he is Prabhakaran’s grandfather. They know nothing how much the people loved these true leaders.

  45. TRN says:

    40. shankar
    The FP asking tamil public servants not to learn sinhalese when the government is providing classes is stupid. Learning another persons language makes you stronger vis a vis that person, as long as it is not at the expense of your own language.

    As perera commented,the muslims know sinhalese, but when they meet they talk in tamil. They are the ones who have steadily come up after independence, while the stupid tamils and sinhalese are bashing each other.
    ——————————————-

    very sensible. I do whole heartedly support equal status for tamil language.
    however i can’t understand the mindset of then Sri Lankan elite of all ethnicities. They were never ashamed to learn english and change their dress code and behaviore too. both sinhala & tamil speaking citizens of then ceylon endured the english as the official language. With my limited knwoledge of history even the court cases were conducted in english with no translations ( learned this from village in the jungle book). why weren’t any resistant then by the tamil & sinhala nationalists to recongnise their native tounge at least for translations to the ones who do not understnad english?

    If a voice was raised/sathyagraha was done by both tamil & sinhala speaking natives, the out come of history would have been different. The attitude towards english by our ruling class was a factor to deprive the mono linguistic majority of their basic rights.

    Even today the attitude towards english remain the same. I’m not finding fault in using a language for ones own advantage… but the differing attitudes towards english and our native languages had caused irrevesible damage to our society.

    I personally feel its a plus point if one can learn all 3 languages used in Sri Lanka. Why not thrive to learn all 3 languages and change our superiority/inferiority attitudes towards a language?

    can some one enlighten us how the courts conducta now on the basis of language. I know yet the issue on police stations continue due to lack of translators in many districts.

  46. TRN says:

    19. Mr.Native Tamil | February 28th, 2011 at 3:05 pm
    3. Mahesh

    How did the courts react to it?

    Later ordered to devide North-East as seprate province against Indo-Lanka accord. In Srilanka Justice is upside down
    _____________________

    correct your misconception of the court oder is againts the law. The indo-lanka provision was for a temporary amalagamation until areferendum is held to decide for or against it. The referendum was planned for with a year of signing the accord but this never took place as war broke out between IPKF & LTTE. Then the president of Sl had been every year renewing that condition and continuing until JVP filed a court case statiing that this was unlawful in 2005/06.

    The AG ruling was within the law as no one appealed against it.

    Your accusation of ‘justice is upside down’ is baseless due to your ignorance or other wise. if one is ineterested can search in island newspapaer archieves, if my memory is correct where I read the court proceedings.

  47. TRN says:

    31. punchinilame | March 1st, 2011 at 7:12 am
    The Sri Lanka Politicians will never, never change as
    long as the Tamil Issue hangs about. This can be easily
    predicted by the continued direction they are taking -
    the latest: The stripes in the National Flag will be eliminated
    in future for all Official Flag hoisting?

    _____________________________

    Please take this in lighter vain if what u say is true. Now MR says no minorites. so why the need for the 2 stripes in the flag?
    I’m sure all of us Sri lankans are heavily mixed in their gene contents no pure race exist today. considering the great mobility and the easy access of all regions of this tiny island no one can dsipute this.

    So many must be having Lion’s blood within them. So then all of us live in this nation can feel like one people, one nation, one flag.
    no need to be ashamed of a lion! As I believe there is a lion in all of us Sri lankans. It doesn’t take too long for a foreigner to understand the way all of us are behaving, that all sri lankans have a common gene trait !!

    Certain issues can be taken ligtly and ignored for greater virtues.
    I didn’t mean to offend or insult any one. appologies if any feel insulted.

  48. Nimal says:

    Who am I?

    I am a citizen of Sri Lanka. I do not have any authoritative powers as such, but purely as a citizen of Sri Lanka, I use whatever the means available for me to convince ALL stakeholders (not just the government of Sri Lanka);

    (a) Ethnic problem is a POLITICAL problem which needs a political solution

    (b) Even if there is no clear political solution to be seen right now, it is far more better to maintain peace (than engage in war) till we reach such a consensus and

    (c) whatever the solution we present it should ensure every community would be able to live with dignity while enjoying the rights any citizen deserves, without any preference for any community

    Other than that I do not possess any powers, than an ordinary citizen.

    Can you help me?

    Please use your own means to put pressure to ALL stakeholders (including the government of Sri Lanka) to;

    (a) focus on a POLITICAL solution

    (b) use more democratic means instead of the force (as far as possible)

    (c) be sensible and keep their goals practical

    Most importantly, it is high time we should let solely the Government and the Tamil Parties to solve this problem. People from both sides should be more involved in finding a solution and ensuring peace.

    Some of the main players are (in order of importance and power);

    1. Government of Sri Lanka
    2. TNA
    3. Sinhalese people
    4. Tamils of N & E
    5. Tamils outside N & E and Tamil speaking Muslims
    6. India
    7. Tamil and Sinhalese Diaspora
    8. Other countries

    So far, most of us have taken for granted that ONLY the parties 1 and 2 have the responsibility to find a solution.

    This is based on the false assumption that the government of SL represents Sinhalese and TNA represents Tamils.

    Government of SL does not fully represent Sinhalese aspirations. Neither TNA fully represent Tamil aspirations.

    So the entities 3,4 and 5 are largely independent entities. They have different and stand alone aspirations.

    So this is the high time we should think of a BOTTOM UP (where people take a front seat) approach rather than a TOP DOWN APPROACH (where GOSL and TNA take a front seat)

    It is Sinhalese and Tamil people get together and take the lead.

    We need more and more people’s involvement. We need people to make a voice and call for a political solution for peace. We need people to defeat racism. Unless that happen, there will be no peace.

    It was not purely the Congress that won Indian independence. It was the PEOPLE’S POWER.

    My ideas may perhaps sound like a dream to you. But I am a libertarian and I believe in People’s power than anything else. We see how the people’s power in the middle-east has brought down the governments; the Tamil speaking people and the Sinhalese people should get together and find a permanent solution for peace. Today, it is the racist elements on both sides are at the top dictating the GOSL what to do.

    Please do not let these handful of racists on both sides to dictate our leaders.

  49. Cholan says:

    Tamils will never be safe

    There was a well coordinated looting and killing in 1983. The most disturbing act of the military was that they turned a blind eye when Tamil people were killed and shops were looted in front of them.

    The President of the country came on TV and talk about ‘Peace means peace, and WAR means WAR’ in the middle of rioting.

    .

    I witnessed an incident in Colombo when a mob was trying to enter the closed ‘Saratha Textiles’ in front of the Fort Police Station. They could not enter as the metal doors of the shop had been closed. A military truck that came that way, assisted the attackers by banging the truck to break open it up for them to drag and kill the workers who were inside. Then of course they looted.

    The armed soldiers stood in the middle of the road watching when thugs were attacking shops on the Galle Road, Greenlands hotel and the inmates, during the curfew hours.

    This is how systematic it was:

    From the beginning of the disturbances, many people in the mobs in the streets possessed election lists containing the names and addresses of all those who lived in particular streets. The lists indicated the houses in occupation by Tamils and also whether the owner of a house was Tamil, Sinhalese or Muslim. The possessions and houses of Tamil people were then systematically attacked. If a Tamil family were living in a house rented from Sinhalese owners, the house itself was not damaged but the furniture and property of the Tamils within it would be destroyed. In many streets all the Tamil owned shops were destroyed but those owned by Muslims or Sinhalese were spared. The same thing happened with houses. The destruction was repeatedly described as systematic and organized and similar lists were used in all the towns throughout the country where violence occurred…

    Tamil people will never be safe in this unitary state run by the Sinhala people for the Sinhala people.

  50. Mahesh says:

    46. TRN

    Ok. You tell me how the courts reacted to the
    sinhala only act. Please reply to my question number 3.

  51. Mr.NATIVE TAMIL says:

    46 & 47. TRN

    Are you ready for Federalism, Direct democracy, and Neutrality (Read as real Justice) in Srilanka?

    But I am ready to prove ‘justice is upside down’ in Srilanka.

    I will be the first witness as I had personal experience when I was unlawfully treated front of Srilankan court because of being innocent Tamil. I was refused to talk my Lawyer or explain in my mother language. SL court only listened in Sinhala and ordered in sinhala to detain me without any sort of enquiry or explanation.

    After the “judgment” I went into prison without committing any single offence. Where I saw the ‘Shocking reality’ is bigger than your ‘Mahavamsa’. Later I will write about this if I had a chance. But how many ‘Innocent Tamils’ life already destroyed by SL justice and security forces. How many like me still behind the bar without ‘real justice’? Do you any think about them? did you any advocate to release them?

    Real Law is whoever arresting the civilian need to prove civilian is guilty. But in srilanka we Tamils forced by them to to prove that we are innocent rather they are proving us guilty. Famous 4th Floor of Colombo come under which Justice ?

    Now tell me accusation of ‘justice is upside down’ is baseless? Or your ignorance and inexperience?

    Law in Srilanka is ‘majorities Law’ It is un-protecting minorities. From 58-09 So many thousand Tamils killed and their livelihood violated by sinhales unlawful acts.
    Can you point out single unlawful sinhalese punished by Lawful srilankan court for toture,abdouction and killing Tamils? I am eager to read the verdict if one is interested can search in island archives.

    Yes, every one knows JVP motive against PTOMS and NorthEast court action. But why the judge who delivered the “judgment” so pride about his decision???
    http://www.thesundayleader.lk/2010/01/10/sarath-silva-a-retrospective/

    First of all we need to prove that we all srilankans having Human blood within us not Lion blood or Tiger blood.

    Second we need to demonstrate in our action, promises and speech that we are living in democratic country in 21st centaury, not in the 500 B.C jungle.

    Third may be Lion carrying sword against 2 stripes in the flag can be droped for improving Humanitarian on the ground.

  52. shankar says:

    #44-Balan

    SVJ was one of the greatest leaders we ever had in Sri Lanka. It is pathetic that the present generation, not having firsthand experience with this great man, and hearing about him from second or third hand sources talk about him as if he is Prabhakaran’s grandfather. They know nothing how much the people loved these true leaders
    ———————————————–
    What did he achieve? Results is what counts ultimately.

  53. MR.NATIVE TAMIL says:

    46&47. TRN

    Are you ready for Federalism, Direct democracy, and Neutrality (Read as real Justice) in Srilanka?

    But I am ready to prove ‘justice is upside down’ in Srilanka.

    I will be first witness as I had personal experience when I was unlawfully treated front of Srilankan court because of being innocent Tamil. I was refused to talk my Lawyer or explain in my mother language. SL court only listened in Sinhala and ordered in sinhala to detain me without any sort of enquiry or explanation.

    After the “judgment” I went into prison without committing any single offence. Where I saw the ‘Shocking reality’ is bigger than your ‘Mahavamsa’. Later I will write about this if I had a chance. But how many ‘Innocent Tamils’ life already destroyed by SL justice and security forces. How many like me still behind the bar without ‘real justice’? Do you any one think about them? Did you advocate to relese them?

    Law is whoever arresting the civilian need to prove civilian is guilty. But in srilanka we Tamils forced by them to prove that we are innocent rather than they are proving us guilty.Famous Colombo 4th floor come under which Justice?

    Now tell me accusation of ‘justice is upside down’ is baseless? Or your ignorance and in experience?

    Law in Srilanka is ‘majorities Law’ It is un-protecting minorities. From 58-09 So many thousand Tamils killed and their livelihood violated by sinhales unlawful acts.
    Can you point out single unlawful sinhalese punished by Lawful srilankan court for tature,abdouction and killing of Tamils? I am eager to read the verdict if one is interested can search in island archives.

    Yes, every one knows JVP motive against PTOMS and NorthEast court action. But why the judge who delivered the “judgment” so pride about his decision?
    http://www.thesundayleader.lk/2010/01/10/sarath-silva-a-retrospective/

    First of all we need to prove that we all srilankans having Human blood within us not Lion blood or Tiger blood.

    Second we need to demonstrate in our action, promises and speech that we are living in democratic country in 21st centaury, not in the 500 B.C jungle.

    Third may be Lion carrying sword against 2 stripes in the flag can be droped for improving humanitarian on the ground.

  54. Mahesh says:

    45. TRN

    The attitude towards english by our ruling class was a factor to deprive the mono linguistic majority of their basic rights.

    ———————————————-

    In India also the vast majority of the people do not know English. They know Hindi and other Indian languages only.

    But the people in India who want their children to move up the social and economic ladder willingly join them in the English medium schools.

    Even the Govt schools do teach English as a second language even for the Tamil medium schools.

    English is the language of the science and Technology. It is the language you can talk to more than half the people of the world. It is spoken in many many countries.

    Why should one protest in learning English.

    Without English you and I cannot be even blogging here.

    Equating it with your Mother tongue or my Mother tongue is inappropriate.

    Here the question is about the enactment of the Sinhala only act.

    Why are you bringing the issues not relevant to that.

    Also please answer to my posting in number 3.

    I want to know how the courts reacted to that Sinhala only act which violates the Fundamental rights and the Natural Justice of the Tamils.

    Also you lament about why people are showing resistance in learning the language of others, Tamils the Sinhala and the Sinhalese the Tamil.

    Please read the article Pirabaharan by the Sabanayagam. There is one chapter which is titled somewhat like Typewriters to Helicopters.

    How the Govt pleaded its inability to buy the Tamil Typewriters which could cost you few thousand per piece but later because of this attitude had to buy costly helicopters to quell the Tamil struggle.

  55. TRN says:

    50. Mahesh | March 2nd, 2011 at 1:31 pm
    46. TRN

    Ok. You tell me how the courts reacted to the
    sinhala only act. Please reply to my question number 3.

    __________________________________

    Sorry Mahesh, I don’t know as I was born few decades later.

    I have not even read anything about this era until DBSJ posted his articles. But the recent past may 20 yrs or so I may be able to help. I commented on the N-E demerger which happened in recent past.

    We need a constitutional lawyer to answer your question accurately. I don’t comment on things which I have no knowledge about.

  56. R.S.Ganeshan says:

    # ISS 32

    Soon after the aftermath of the 1983 holocaust,I happened to meet a legandry LSSP firebrand female leader in London who was expressing her utter disgust about the canker of racism which had impregnated the body politic of the country to such an extent that it even involved the students of a premier regal goverment educational institution in Colombo.

    I posed the question why one time Com. Colvin tainted his impeccable political record as Minister of Constitutional Affairs by undermining the only clause which protected the interests of the minorities of the country when tears welled up in her eyes and she said her voice choked with emotion said ” it was a tragic …”

  57. Somarama says:

    I am worried when patriots like Rajiva, Dayan,Palitha, GL do not comment on this kind of factual analysis. Are they afraid or delibrate in keeping mum ?
    In their recent public speeches in the international arena or in their writeups why do not they quote these events and atriculate openly the need for implementation of human rights and a political solution that are more urgent than asking more help for development and military spending from the powerful countries of the International Community ? Instead these learneds (some with dual citizenships) have become diaspora bashers, after making many from the South and the North leave their homes since 1956 through various means. Even though Laxman Kadirgamar did so much for the SLFP regime and the Southerners, only JVP did not have any objection of he becoming a Prime Minister it seems ( based on Izitha Hussein in the Isand or Daily Mirror Lankan Dailies ) .

  58. Soma says:

    There is no political solution I can think of which can solve the problems of majority of Tamils. Neither have I come across any presentation by any Tamil intellectual which would satisfy this criterion.

  59. SivaKumar says:

    In Singapore, Tamil is an official language and it is fully implemented.

    Tamil is supposed to be an ‘official language’ in Sri Lanka.

    As an example, if you happen to take a railway journey (MRT) from Singapore to Malaysia, you will be surprised to hear announcements in Tamil during your journey, where as in Sri Lanka where Tamil is supposed to be an official language, when you travel from Colombo to Vavaniya or Batticaloa or Trinco, you hardly hear any body announcing in Tamil.

  60. TRN says:

    53. MR.NATIVE TAMIL
    sorry to hear about your plight.

    Iwill give a short answer I will support any sustainalble but a peaceful solution. It should be accepted by all communities of this country.
    problems the tamils are facing in N&E are far worse than simply political. 50yrs had been too long & too bloody.

    many injustices were done to many sinhalese during 71 & 89 insurgency . I u were out of this country by then u will not know.

    What I corrected in a previous comment was the decision to demerger N&E. Read with an open mind.

  61. TRN says:

    53. MR.NATIVE TAMIL | March 2nd, 2011 at 6:03 pm

    First of all we need to prove that we all srilankans having Human blood within us not Lion blood or Tiger blood.

    _______________________________

    No dispute about that fellow human being. I know …. take it in a lighter vein, as I said in the comment. Have some humour its good for your coronary circulation !!

  62. peacelover says:

    #43 TRN
    “I have noticed the weather started getting worse since the government planned the 1st yr victory celebrations and the floods hit Colombo. since then the bad weather keeps hitting this island… I think this is not a coincidence but and eye opener to us all sri lankans.”

    I hope Srilankans mainly Sinhalese open their eyes at least now and come out of their “Mahavamsa mindset” to see how human rights are respected in many other developed countries.
    I am a strong believer in Newton’s third law of Physics:
    “Every action has an equal and opposite reaction”
    this is even true for human behaviour.
    I personally experienced it in my life several times, in a good way.
    You exactly pointed about the postponement of “War Celebrations” due heavy flood in Colombo and suburbs which is one of the reactions by mother nature for the suffering of Tamils due to the war by the decisions made mainly by Colombo residents.

    Until to this day 1000s of Tamils continue to suffer by Srilankan Governance under Military Rule in the so called re-settled areas, internment genocidal camps, and Srilankan prisons without trial for years.

    Srilankan government and whoever supports that regime have to pay much more in coming days.
    Massacre of 1000s of Tamil civilians and loss of lives mainly Tamils due to the war is the failure of governance of successive SINHALA GOVERNMENTS and majority in the island also to blame for that matter for electing such government.

    There is no question “Justice and law and order are upside down” in Srilanka, which is evident from so many cold blooded murders in daylight and perpetuators of such heinous crime get unpunished under the court of law.

    Your line of thinking towards “Lion Blood” seems to me that you need more understanding of “Human Blood”. Lions are herbivore, meat eaters, including human meat.

    I appreciate your honesty and acceptance that you don’t know anything about Tamil’s non-violent campaign until you read this article. Unfortunately, this is the case for many Sinhalese, mainly youngsters. Creation of LTTE and other armed groups are the reaction to the failure of such non-violent campaign against Srilankan State aggression against Tamils.

    At least you can help to educate people around you to understand Tamil’s plea and hope justice will prevail for Tamils.

  63. Ilaya Seran Senguttuvan says:

    R.S. Ganeshan (#56)

    Vivienne, Kusala et al could have done more than shed tears post-1983. The LSSP did not issue a statement
    unambigously condemning the pogrom long planned
    and inflicted on Taml civilians – the more successful ones being targetted is a case in point. Known and vocal elements of the UNP. SLFP, JVP and the Left parties relished in desecrating and stealing from the homes and the precious assets of even lower and middle-class Tamil innocents outsider Insurance protection. Most of the Royalists – who turned thieves then – came to College on the 1-mile rule. My neighbour was a respected teacher from Ananda who held some of my assets in trust that day. When he was told by Sinhala neighbours later some of the gangs who attacked and robbed my bungalow were from Ananda and Nalanda he is said to have remained silent.

    My family has long past decided to forgert the painful incidents – but it does come back in tragic ways. As on an occasion when my wife and I went to the Rembrandt Museum in Amsterdam we also visited little Anne Frank’s home. My wife broke down when our friend from Leeuwarden, whose guests we were, recalled Anne’s story – that touched a chord on our own 7/83.

    History will comdemn our political and community leaders of the time for their failure to speak loud and clear in that diabolical outrage where the State, in different ways, declared war and punished its own unarmed civilian citizens. If at all some feeble efforts were made to address the issue later by the State it was more to gain political mileage and votes in the next elections. The sufferings, losses and the immediate need to compensate the losses were never serious. Even the recommendations of Sharvananda’s Commission remains ignored todate.

    ISS

  64. Tissa Wije says:

    Nice to look back DBS, but do not forget the real power held by minorities at the time. I have seen so much snobbery by these high and mighty Vellala folks and their Sinhala bretheren who only spoke English but held the whip in the sixties despite parliamentary majority of the much derided SLFP.

    It is not difficult to understand the root cause of social tensions struggles for entry to the the temple, daubing street names in tar and all the attempts to lay the fault on one side.

    In my travels in Rail in the sixties never have I heard an announcement in any language. I must say even in the Hambantota district in the 60s if one makes a survey of high earning civil servants, one would find over 50 % are Jaffna folks, may be all of the high caste of the FP stalwarts.

    Would It not be part of a civic duty of all of us to learn the language of the people around us, not to be self righteoous and high minded about the folks who can’t speak in English and have not had all the advantages of sound education through centuriesof colonialism and itscorollary uneven development. ‘Pharasaic’ is the word used by an English scolar who looked at the FP position from colonial times.

  65. shankar says:

    #62-peacelover

    majority in the island also to blame for that matter for electing such government
    ——————————————–

    What about prabhaharan who elected mahinda?Or chelva and the Governor General who elected sirima instead of CP De silva?

    It would be better if tamil leaders just let the tamils vote instead of deciding for them.It is a classic case of too many cooks spoil the soup.There does not need to be a third party in between the voter and the person being voted.

    Blaming the tamil or sinhalese people for this mess is unfair.The buck stops with the politicians who make all the decisions on their behalf.

  66. TRN says:

    62. peacelover | March 3rd, 2011 at 5:16 am
    I hope Srilankans mainly Sinhalese open their eyes at least now and come out of their I hope Srilankans mainly Sinhalese open their eyes at least now and come out of their “Mahavamsa mindset” to see how human rights are respected in many other developed countries.
    to see how human rights are respected in many other developed countries.
    _________________________

    Please note in my previous comment I meant all Sri lankans not only sinhalese. Both sides have their faults and eneqities. Each one has to serach within the hearts for hipocrisy.
    This baseless accusation on sinalese as a whole of “Mahavamsa mindset” is irrelavant.
    This shows your haterad towards sinhalese as a race.

    U only remeber the negatives. there were many sinhalese who were empathetic and helped the tamils in their hour of need even risking their lives in 1983 & 1958. But u people only c your point of view.

    Inflexibility & bigotry of tamil nationalists should be addressed and done with too before pointing fingers at sinhalese. If your attitude change there will be acceptance of you in Sri Lankan soil.

  67. TRN says:

    62. peacelover
    Until to this day 1000s of Tamils continue to suffer by Srilankan Governance under Military Rule in the so called re-settled areas, internment genocidal camps, and Srilankan prisons without trial for years.

    ___________________

    Please don’t read too many pro LTTE web sites you are been misled.
    What did u & ur clan did to eliviate the suffering of these poor people when they were under the clws of the LTTE and their tyrrany?

    Also remeber SL is not a developed country and don’t expect perfection here comparing this country from the pastures you live. compare us with pakistan or afganistan for fairness !!

  68. Soma says:

    Re. 63. Ilaya Seran Senguttuvan | March 3rd, 2011 at 8:39 am

    ISS

    I as a Sinhalese feel much more pained and ashamed over 83 than the innocent Tamils who suffered. You are kind enough to forgive and forget, but not me. I will never forgive the UNP in their failure ( deliberate avoidance) in bringing one criminal to book.

    As for 83 at least I can comfort myself by attempting to look from the point of view of a zoologist. What I cannot fathom for my life is the burning down of the Jaffna library – an event, as for me, much more barbaric and uncivilized in nature than 83. This time it is Gamini Disanayaka’s thugs we all know. I am still waiting for an apology from UNP. Reconciliation will begin with that.

    If I have one bullet to choose between two criminals , one who participated in 83 and the other in the library burning, I will use use it on the latter.

  69. Kugan says:

    He may be very fair genuine leader, but in politics you cant be like that should have been opportunist.if GG would have handled it may have been different wouldnt have to suffer this much of devastation all these guys were doing was in the name of Satyagraga they themselves made as viticm to get more symperthise likewise even this propaganda going now in the name of people suffering can any one see how this helping hand is extending towards the shattered people back home.

    One thing was sure is that SJV passed away before this LTTE killing field started in fact finding mission.as some one mentioned in this blog all we are looking for now is “lost rights” other than nothing.it dosent matter who ever it is all they done was to our people was to stay on GUN POINT the clawns may different either LTTE Govnt forces Indian army Douglas etc they all same as far as North and the East people concern.they never failed to pointing on us.

    One time we were proud that produced hell of a lot of proffessionals buissneesmen and rich crops producers no need to mention the fisheries but all these were one time but hope all these back soon.

    I may be wrong as a youngster go through the policices of our past and present of Tamil parties they dont have any collective development programs or aenda towards Sri lanka at all.other than banging about the Ellam.we were even held the opposition why not would have got in power if they genuinley think about the colourof all the pink and blue of the people of Sri lanka.like Muslims leadres they are Sri lankans than the muslims i think.

    Now we have left with powerless cheif ministers and MPs.no law nor order,in the name of people suffering all they do is cook the meat from some ones burning house.

  70. TRN says:

    54. Mahesh | March 2nd, 2011 at 6:53 pm

    you are completely misquoting my comment #45.

    I am not wasting my time with u.

    Please find a better passtime .. y not defend the northern Sri Lankan fishermen from the poarching indian trawlers and the indian politics.

    Once and wise owl told… never argue with big bullies as they have a pea size brain !!

  71. [...] I’ve expanded on this for an article in this Sunday Leader, but those are my thoughts. From the 50s to the 80s there were enough numbers, there was a sort of Tamil unity and the government was so crappy that even Sinhalese revolted, meaning there was cause. There was not, however, social media or Al Jazeera so Tamils practicing non-violent resistance actually did get violently suppressed (as DBS has been writing about). [...]

  72. Mahesh says:

    70. TRN

    Once and wise owl told… never argue with big bullies as they have a pea size brain !!

    ——————————————–

    I have not personally attacked any one here. I do not believe in that also.

    But many a time people do try to attack me personally. I don’t take it seriously. Bye.

  73. Mr.NATIVE TAMIL says:

    60&61. TRN

    I have also sense of hummer. Eg, when this JVP filed the case against PTOMS (Tsunami) and NE merge then went in to Tsunami refuge camp in north for so called “Helping Tamils” they got beaten by broomstick! very ordinary people did this to them.

    But justice is not a joke which is missing in srilanka for very long time. Even Indo-Lanka agreement both country presidents signed. If government don’t implemented on what they signed on the agreement this also very highly unlawful act. If TNA file another case regarding this, do you think srilankan justice and AG will deliver the right judgement?

    It is not only my plight but also most of the Tamils plight. Like you don’t want to divide Srilanka into 2, we also don’t like to divide our homeland into 2. Rather both dividing like this, all communities will accept the solution that recognising Tamils Homeland and their rights to save their language, culture and equal opportunities through NorthEast Province authority.

    As soon as power sharing properly done, then gradually both side can think about and work together to improve the country as biger picture.

    This is the joint solution will joint north and east also northeast and southwest together. I don’t think any other
    half baked solution or tactics improve the country situation.

    If everyone like you explain this to sinhala mass and politicians it will work. Rather you listening owl it is wise idea to improving your coronary circulation and prevent further bloodshed in srilanka!

  74. shankar says:

    #73-native tamil

    It is not only my plight but also most of the Tamils plight. Like you don’t want to divide Srilanka into 2, we also don’t like to divide our homeland into 2.
    ————————————————-
    This will be another big mistake by the tamil leadrs if they stick to it. If the sinhalese leaders merge the north and east there will be burning resentment among the average sinhalese. We will not have a sustainable solution with one party being very disgruntled.A compromise only will give lasting peace and unity that will extend into the next century. In a compromise neither party will be totally happy but both won’t be totally unhappy too. With the sinhalese always grumbling about less than 10 percent claiming as their homeland one third of the country and half the coast line, how can we have lasting peace. Besides the homeland concept in todays near borderless world is defunct. Everyone is moving into everybody else homland for jobs and better prospects. See the amount of tamils in colombo and upcountry. The sinhalese are not telling them to go to the north and east, so why are we irritating them with this homeland concept.

    Besides if yu look at the map when the portuguese entered srilanka, the eastern province was a part of the kandyan kingdom. When the portuguese started to persecute the muslims in the coastal areas, king senerat allowed them to settle in the east. This shows how throughout history the sinhalese had been generous to others when it comes to their lands. Many people from south india have throghout the ages settled among them and adopted their customs and religion.

    In a nutshell i say that tamils must learn to consider the whole of srilanka to be their homeland.When they ask for something they must look at the country as a whole entity which they can enjoy and ask for something that will benefit everyone including themselves.

  75. shankar says:

    and native tamil,to make my point about others settling in sinhalese “homelands”,srilanka is even allowing ghaddafi to live the rest of his life here.Who knows one day he and his sons may become sinhala bhuddhists and come out onto the streets to vociferously fight for sinhala bhuddhism, like wimal weerawansa.Or like arthur c.clarke he could be looking at space all the time and be harmless.

    [Gaddafi calls President Rajapaksa

    By Saroj Pathirana
    BBC Sinhala service

    Col Gaddafi has informed Mr Rajapaksa about 'conspiracy' against national security
    The Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa received a phone call from Libyan leader Col Muammar Gaddafi, officials said.]

  76. TRN says:

    74. shankar

    In a nutshell i say that tamils must learn to consider the whole of srilanka to be their homeland.When they ask for something they must look at the country as a whole entity which they can enjoy and ask for something that will benefit everyone including themselves.

    __________________________

    Thank u Shankar for saving my time. U have said in a nut shell everything that is in my nut shell too. I’m sure we are in the same wave lenght on this.

    I’m sure we need to stand on a common ground acceptable to all communities. Not too much and not too little. in a nation where all will be able to thrive as Sri Lankans protecting our tiny island.

    There’s more danger in exposing the north to TN as already the problems have cropped up. When Navy is protecting the teritorial waters obviously the TN people are unhappy.
    Its better to have a one country and show the streangth to over come the invasion than devide and succumb to pressure.

    Its time to be wise not have tunnel visions.

  77. Annil says:

    #46 TRN
    **The indo-lanka provision was for a temporary amalgamation until a referendum is held to decide for or against it. **
    Can a court belongs to one party (Here a state)naturally give verdict on any inter state agreements?
    Annil

  78. Mr.Native Tamil says:

    74 Shankar-This will be another big mistake by the tamil leadrs if they stick to it. If the sinhalese leaders merge the north and east there will be burning resentment among the average sinhalese…The sinhalese are not telling them to go to the north and east, so why are we irritating them with this homeland concept.
    …………………………………………………………………………………………
    It is not True. Answer-in 58,77,83 Tamils not only killed but also their hard earned money and assets looted and message indirectly told by sinhalese go back to your ‘home land’. Tamils never forget this ‘burning resentment ‘

    When they wiped out like this sinhala authority didn’t take enough action to protect them or listen tamil mp’s in
    the parliament.

    what is the assurance you can give them it never happen again? as you said Gadafi also joined this ‘Sinhala Buddhist’ then I am afraid most possibility to another ‘Genocide’.

    Thats why tamils need democratic power in their homeland to protect them and question sinhalese majority government if any bad things happen to Tamils
    in any form (including Tamil Muslims & Upcountry Tamils).

    But it does not mean we not welcome sinhalese . We will better protect sinhalese minorities and their rights in northeast. It is not big issue to ordinary sinhalese they have already accepted North-east merge in indo-lanka accord.is it really irritating to them rather ‘War Crime’ ? But once they accepted our homeland and recognised us then we more than welcome them for ‘Borderless World’

    It is duty of the political parties to explain this into understandable language to sinhalese rather manipulating them for party politics. They should know this is the steping stone of the federalism that create real political space for tamils question and save the country for coming centuries.compromise the always grumbling sinhalese and correct their maths not about 10% but 90% of the NorthEast citizens wish and the will!

    There is no possibility at central politics rather Tamils stand for NEregional power sharing and voice through
    that authority and contribute to country as a whole entity which they can enjoy and ask for something that will benefit everyone including themselves.

    But Shankar don’t blame only Tamil leaders , they have already tried their best at country as whole.

    Sir Pon Ramanathan said ‘ Donoughmore Tamils no more’

    GG Ponampalam exprienced the same at ‘Soulbury Commission’

    Short vision of the British later took both vision of the ‘prisoner Kuttimani’ and Tamils future.

    without any political power 1958become unstopeable.

    Even later lord solbury also worried about his decision in Ceylon – A Divided Nation , book (Oxford University Press, 1963) by FARMER, BERTRAM H

    Soulbury finally accepted , “Unhappily and for reasons indicated by Mr. Farmer,the death of Mr.D.S.Senanayake led to the eventual adoption of a different policy which he would never have countenanced. Needless to say the consequences have been a bitter disappointment to myself and my fellow Commissioners.”

  79. TRN says:

    To all adults who are pointing fingers at each other and many who had never sited the war affected areas. I came across a small booklet written by 20 southern Sri Lankan school prefects in May 2010. They have visited the war victims and war displaced (mannar , mullathieuv, vavniya) and written this as a reflection.

    These are youngsters in their 17, 18 yrs of age. this will be an eye opener to all. This struck a cord within my heart and even in midst of a busy shcedule I’m taking time to type this long essay. Please read slowly and to the end.

    The learning points of the exposure:

    * they( war victims) had merger facilities but always welcomed us with a big smile.
    * In Arippu O/L pass rate was 72% highest result 7As & B. They have never gone for tution classes. they had to walk many Kms to get to school. they got their text books only few months before the exam. they only studied with day light as there is lack of electricity.

    *the determination of the A/L students to to get in to university, inturn to be productive to the society and serve the country.

    *The northern students told ‘we have no grudge or hatred towards the sihala people but we don’t like politicians who never treat them equally as with the people of the south’

    * Also said ‘we may be the minority of this country but we are not inferior to the majority’

    * there were many men in detension camps and their families were desperate without any help and not knowing when they would be freed.
    * some were unhappy about Army presence in their neighbourhood, felt insecure. Also some of their properties were yet to be released by the armed forces.

    * they were in need of basic facilities like health, education, transport, safe drinking water, ect.

    What the student leaders from the south felt after the exposure and what they feel about the future & reconcilliation in SL :

    * We have seen and experienced the agony and suffering of the northern victims of war. All of us in the larger society have to listen to these inner voices. Wish the southeners who travel to north will empathise with their agony rather than only site seeing.

    *Only by visiting these areas one can get the true picture of reality and the needs of these unfortunate people.

    *their physical wounds may have healed but the wounds within their hearts & mind are very raw. It will be a long process searching for true peace within their hearts.

    * All Sri lankans what ever race, religion or caste, should be equally respected and hounered and given equal oppertunity in life.

    * Today southerners are suspecious about the northerners & northerners still ponder in their wounds and anxious about the future.

    *Peace should be built on strong foundations. all citizens should have equal rights and oppertunities. life should be preserved and counted as sacred.

    * We need a national leader accepted by all communities.
    * A leader with good values and principals. Its best at present to have a very open minded southern leader to be the voice of the voiceless people of the north.

    * There should emerge sinhala leaders to speak for the rights of the minorities. he/ she must be a catalyst for an emerging tamil-muslim leadrship.
    * A true leader should have deep compassion for the voiceless people of our society.

    * first and foremost i need to feel that fellow humans are my brothers and sisters regardless of ethnicity , relegion or caste.
    *I need to change my attitude towards the victims.

    *Its important to develop a vision in young adults which will be productive to the society.

    * we need to educate young adults with greater awareness of our country’s situation, history and polity.
    *We should recognise and prioritise our urgent needs.

    *Policy makers should ensure that justice, equality and human dignity is preserved in law and in the society as a whole.

    *Life is sacred and it has to be protected and promoted.

    Quoted from
    North-south dialog desk / ANAWIM

  80. MedBlits.com says:

    Turning a blind eye to the blood-thirsty clerics…

    Local clerics stated Mrs Noreen had blasphemed but Mr Taseer, who met her in prison, concluded that the charge had been brought to hide the fact that she had been beaten and gang-raped for having argued with people of a higher caste. Mr Bhatti co……

  81. Yogesh Karayalar says:

    #47 TRN

    Will Sri Lanka be routed by a Tsunami if the national flag includes a Tiger also besides the Lion? If every body in SL has a lion in them as you said, every body will also have a tiger in them since the entire nation is a tiny island and races would have mixed with each other (again as you said). Let us remove animals and have the shape of Sri Lankan island in the flag.

  82. peacelover says:

    #67 TRN

    Born and lived among majority Sinhalese (Nilame in Nickaweratiya, Simon in Galapitamada, Gamini in Kotahena) in Srilanka, knowing the history of Tamils struggle for the past 62 years in that island and witnessed 1977 & 1983 pogroms, I personally experienced the pain of being a minority in that island Ilankai. It will be in bottom of my heart until I depart this world. I know the suffering of ordinary civilians on all both sides of the ethnic divide. I have no regret for leaving Srilanka. I am enjoying all the perks and benefits of a true democratic nation now.

    I won’t be misled by pro LTTE websites, I have common sense to know and understand the state of Tamils in Srilanka. Being a minority, good or bad Tamils always being at the receiving end in that island. So the majority Sinhalese has the responsibility build that sense of trust and belonging to Tamils.

    I am not here to list all what I did to alleviate the suffering of poor Tamils. What I am trying to say is look outside the world, why you guys are continue to say “we are a developing country” for the past 62 years. Japanese show the world how to grow from ashes in few decades. We wasted 62 years for that matter, still growing. It is shame on the so-called intellectuals and politicians in Srilanka.
    “AIM HIGH” OR “YOU MUST BE THE CHANGE YOU WISH TO SEE IN THIS WORLD”.
    “ONLY LOOK BELOW TO BRING THEM UP”.
    Pakistan and Afghanistan are below in my Radars to be considered as nations.
    #68 Soma
    “If I have one bullet to choose between two criminals, one who participated in 83 and the other in the library burning, I will use it on the latter”
    I am in cent & fifty percent agreement with you. We lost a treasure, not alone for Tamils, everyone in that island. I know many Sinhalese of good heart as you. Only because of them the Tamil race still exists in Srilanka, otherwise it would have completely wiped out from that island long ago.
    A PIECE OF HISTIRY: CULTURAL GENOCIDE OF TAMIL’S IN SRILANKA. PLS WATCH AND PASS IT ON
    http://www.cultureunplugged.com/play/1613/Burning-Memorie

    #65 Shankar
    I agree with you to certain extent. Politicians on both sides including LTTE leadership to blame for the mess what we are in now. However as we are witnessing around the world Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Yemen, etc people have the power to change the politicians.

  83. Lakshman says:

    Hi DBS,

    Flashback of this 2nd part and the photo of SJV with national dress reminded my childhood memory where I saw him live with this style of costume during my visit to Jaffna in late 1960′s. SJV was writing something sitting in visitors’ area of that guest house where I stayed. One of my uncles whispered, that is Chevanayagam.
    I didn’t see him feeble then even you stated some where.

    After reading your article I am surprised to learn who I saw was a jug naught in political history of Ceylon and not going to pass any judgement of him, just to comment on some observations made thru your insights.

    You haven’t highlighted the reason to make official language in Sinhalese as you may aware through out colonial and post independent era until 1956 entire administration was conducted in English while the majority of citizenry spoke Sinhala and Tamil. It said when a man from village employed in Colombo he couldn’t send or receive a cable to and from his family thru post office in Sinhala was a sad plight as he couldn’t understand English, he had to rely on 3rd parties to translate and convey things like sickness ,funerals etc. to his relatives which is frankly a humiliation. This is the same scenario to Tamil speaking person without English knowledge.

    Therefore SWRD had to do this at the time even UNP pledged the same as per news reports. Subsequently B-C pact was signed to give certainty to Tamil speaking community. After SWRD’s demise B-C pact became a political football I think, then SJV pursued with Dudley and secured so called D-C pact.

    It appears to me widow politics with the aid of other leftists got the sympathy vote to out smart Dudley, then SJV betrayed Dudley. Then SLFP betrayed FP, it’s like ‘karma’ theory. It unravels SLFP and FP sensationalised and polarise the language issue ignoring other issues that proceeded to communal politics which led to a collision cause as language and community go hand in hand. If Dudley had a chance then outcome would have been different, but by then bull had already entered china shop.

    In Swiss they speak 4 languages but the official language with government, banks, courts etc is German which is taught compulsorily from primary school age therefore no translators are required, but people used non German at shops, pharmacy, some news papers etc. This is from horse’s mouth.

    As this wasn’t the case in post colonial Ceylon and British’s never allow majority language to surfaced and spoken at government business. SLFP’s radical changes on ‘Sinhalisation’ with political motives in mind affected Tamil speaking community and they were left ‘tounge cut’ except for a privileged few.

    FP’s action on boycotting Sinhala learning at schools aggravated the situation and that generation of Tamil youth were disadvantaged.

    As you stated, in 1960′s debates in Parliament defeated courts language to be Tamil in North & East. Then calls for separatism was defeated by sending some MPs like Sundaralingam home, this to me clearly sent signals what Tamil community expects. Unfortunately SLFP failed to pick the signals and FP was beating the same old drum ‘sathyagra’ bit out dated by then. The main issue was language barrier between Tamil and Sinhalese which was the cause for misunderstandings. Then crafty politicians of all sides kept the gap wide open rather than bridging it. As far as Federalism is concerned there are benefits for some countries, but S. Lankans aren’t prepared as they were not presented with valid reasons other than single communal issue.

    TNA has to learn from experience and understand to find the middle ground for sustainable peace. Recycling defeatist policies and demands won’t take the distance for a long lasting peace ,but fuel the extreme elements on other side. Those who say Tamils to go to India don’t know Tamils in North are unique as they been there so long are bit different to that of Tamil nadu population.
    Hope Tamil community thru their vision step out of communal politics and propose an innovative system for the common good. When Tamil polity runs to Tamilnadu for political gains that irritates S Lankan polity.

  84. Anonymous says:

    TRN
    ………..When Navy is protecting the teritorial waters obviously the TN people are unhappy………

    Not true. Summary execution of TN fishermen is the issue. The executed fishermen should have been subjected to the due process of the law. The Pakistanis are far better in this regard when Gujarat fishermen enter Pakistani territorial waters.

  85. Anonymous says:

    Mr Mahesh,

    Mr.Kodeeswaran was not medered. Still living in Jaffna with good health.

  86. Thaya says:

    #25
    Mahesh,
    Mr.Kodeswaran was not merdered. Still living in Jaffna with good health.
    Thaya

  87. dilshan F says:

    75 Shankar,

    I agree with you.

    The Tamils must ask for the whole of lanka as to be their homeland and to be able to live work raise children and die peacefully. Yes not only Jaffna the East but also the West.

    Asking for a bit of the country will not help the individual but only a small minority amongst the tamils who are power hungry and will use any excuse to gain power. Same as the Sinhalese leaders who used ‘Sinhal Only’ policy purely for political gain.
    I greatly mistrust politicians of any kind.

  88. Palan says:

    41. Mahesh
    I am not sure the Supreme court decision would help in any way. It was (as usual)on a technical matter as whether a employee can sue the Crown, and whether Roman Dutch Law or English Law was applicable in Employment Contracts.The District Court, on the other hand considered the validity of the Sinhala language requirement, which was not argued at the Supreme court by the AG.
    The Supreme Court held that Roman Dutch Law was applicable in Crown contractsm but the Privy Council decided in favour of English Law.
    Ther only conclusion we can make is that even the Supeme Court could err.

    69. Kugan
    One thing was sure is that SJV passed away before this LTTE killing field started

    Do you mean to say LTTE would have killed him too as a traitor had he been alive.
    Hope yo read about ‘pottar’ Nadatajah, the PMG during the 1961 campaign, in the next section.

  89. De- illusion says:

    87. dilshan F
    Thank you for accepting truth- The Sinhalese leaders who used ‘Sinhal Only’ policy purely for political gain.
    I greatly mistrust politicians of any kind.

    But dont misunderstand the Tamils long strugle for the political recognition which is reigonal autonomy / Federalism will satisfy them to share the power and responsibilities with sinhalese brothers and will improve
    democracy,justice and administration in NorthEast province where they dominate by their Language,Culture and population.

    But don’t mislead what they naming as ‘Homeland’ or ‘Tamil Arsu’ as you saying ‘Asking for a bit of the country will not help the individual but only a small minority amongst the tamils who are power hungry and will use any excuse to gain power.’

    All the tamils wish to form democratic political stucture in the northeast which implement their languge and cultural rights and voice aginst any kind of the discrimination even outside of the homeland.

    It is also homegrown soltuion and will fit in the country frame work. It is not ‘ power hungry’ oriented like srilankan general election but honouring the ‘Tamils brothers’ as shareholders of the Lankan Law & Order and recognise their co-exisistence and history as native srilankan.

    If this has been practicaly happend they will feel safe in their home.If they feel the same in other part of the srilanka then they will think about whole srilanka as homeland.

    Unfortunately they are not feeling verywell now. We cann’t hide the truth because it is irritating the majority.

  90. shankar says:

    #83-Laksman

    When Tamil polity runs to Tamilnadu for political gains that irritates S Lankan polity.
    ——————————————————-
    Probably they do that so that tamilnadu politicians will contact New Delhi.Better to go through tamilnadu for India to take their problems seriously.What do you expect when sinhalese politicians procastinate without taking some interest in a political solution. That will be down in their agenda in the list of priorities. They will have other problems to deal with, not only the ethnic issue. So to get them to concentrate their mind on this you have to get external help, so irritating them is the only way to do it,otherwise they will just shove it to the backburner for some other politician to deal with it after they have enjoyed themslves and left the scene.Meanwhile the problem festers on with many tamils joining the bandwagon as the years pass on until it explodes in the future generations face again one day.

  91. TRN says:

    81. Yogesh Karayalar
    Let us remove animals and have the shape of Sri Lankan island in the flag.
    _____________________

    Brilliant & innovative idea !!
    Sign of compromise and reconcilliation !!

    Good for our coronary circulation too!!

  92. TRN says:

    82. peacelover
    I personally experienced the pain of being a minority in that island Ilankai. It will be in bottom of my heart until I depart this world. I know the suffering of ordinary civilians on all both sides of the ethnic divide.
    ____________________
    I appologise onbealf of sihalese who had made you suffer.
    I hope and pray you will be able to forgive and forget and get over your bitterness, surely before you depart from this world.
    Please seek inner peace before seeking world peace.
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

    So the majority Sinhalese has the responsibility build that sense of trust and belonging to Tamils.
    ___________________________________

    We are trying we want you to feel it too. First forget the past and take a fresh look at things. Look for positives.

    my motto in life is ” LIGHT A CANDLE WITHOUT CURSING THE DARKNESS”

    light a candle daily in your/our hearts and it will illuminate you/us and yours/our surroundings.

  93. TRN says:

    82. peacelover
    Creation of LTTE and other armed groups are the reaction to the failure of such non-violent campaign against Srilankan State aggression against Tamils.
    _____________________________

    I have been posting this attitude of tamil nationalists/ tamil political leaders have led to more destruction and mistrust among other communites regarding your genuine efforts for reconcilliation.

    Never justify violent struggles , killing of another human being for revenge is a crime.
    If you condem killing of tamils by sinhalese, in the same vein condem any crime against humanity.
    Failure of majority tamils to accept this truth had caused mistrust and suspicion among other communities of SL.

    If you are for a peaceful solution condem the faults of violence against humanity, be it SL government, sinhala mobs, or LTTE or paramilitary.

    Continue to sympathise with LTTE which had caused great misery to this island nation and all ethnicites alike is a barrier to reconciliate.

    please excuse me this will be my last answer to your comments . I have said enough now.

  94. Mr.NATIVE TAMIL says:

    82. peacelover

    THE VIDEO YOU POSTED IN THIS BLOG SHOULD WATCHED BY ALL SINHALESE. THEY SHOULD KNOW THEIR HISTORY TO NOT BE REPEATED AGAIN THE SAME. MANY THANKS TO PEACELOVER FOR HIS CONTRIBUTION.

    THE SHORT POEM BY NUHUMAN IS ONE OF THE BEST POEM IN THE WORLD SHOWING THE ISLAND REALITY.IT HAS THROWN OUT THE POWER HUNGRY ‘MAHAWAMSA’ PROPAGANDA AND 2500 YEARS ‘SINHALA BUDDHIST’ PRIDE.

  95. shankar says:

    81. Yogesh Karayalar
    Let us remove animals and have the shape of Sri Lankan island in the flag.
    ————————————————-
    I also agree with that. This will start a new book for srilanka. The old book can be thrown away.Our unique shape of a mango or pearl will make people say ooh and ahh all over the world. It will be a good tourist promotion too. We must become the pearl of the indian ocean again starting with the flag.

    However i’am wondering about those who really think that they are the descendents of a lion mating with a woman and have to use the sword to cut the head off the invading tamils. Will they agree?

    And then what about the LTTE flag. Will they take off the snarling tiger and insert the northeast only?

    With all these animals the rest of the world will think we are half mad retards.

    As usual any good ideas will not be entertained by our politicians. When god created this world he said he wanted to create a balance. One side will be hot and one side will be cold. Some people will be intelligent and some people will be dumb. Some will be good looking and some will be ugly.Some parts of the world will be beautiful and some will be ugly. His theory was that then only there will be a balance in the world.

    God told his angels as for srilanka i will give it all the beauty,good looking intelligent people and a nice warm climate.The angels said “lord where is the balance then”. God replied”wait till you see the politicians who are going to run their government”.

  96. Mahesh says:

    82. peacelover

    The video was excellent. Thanks for posting it.

    ————————–

  97. shankar says:

    This is what i mean when i say that politicians are the root cause of the ethnic tensions in srilanka. here is an excerpt from the “Nation”. Iam sure the idiot parliamentarian will get off scot free as usual. in any other truly democratic country he would have had to resign, but nosirree, not here in good ol srilanka.

    [UPFA Parliamentarian stirs hornets’ nest?
    A statement made by a UPFA Parliamentarian that Muslims who supported Pakistan during the cricket match that was played between Sri Lanka and Pakistan must leave the country, has stirred a hornets’ nest.
    The Parliamentarian in question had apparently visited Muslim areas in Colombo and had demanded that they go to Pakistan for supporting Pakistan during the match.
    The MP had also told them that housing in Colombo for the Muslims will not be considered by the government in the future]

  98. TRN says:

    95. shankar

    God told his angels as for srilanka i will give it all the beauty,good looking intelligent people and a nice warm climate.The angels said “lord where is the balance then”. God replied”wait till you see the politicians who are going to run their government”.

    _____________________________

    Ha/// Good one !!

    Also I feel v r draggin thIs joke too far but my coronaries feel soo good and the myocardium is well oxygenated these days.

    One more thing… what colour will be the island in the middle of the flag? blue, green or red? it may change every time the ruling party change !!

  99. Lakshman says:

    #90- Shanker
    What I meant was to start a fresh page and put forward suggestions that are feasible. Then home made solutions can be reached diplomatically,if all are GENUINE. If is fails then go to India no problem. I am not defending politicans who ignore the issue and serve their self interest.
    Then the word ‘separation’ has been used for political gain. I think majority of the country don’t expect a physical separation and we all know religion or culture wise it is naturally separated when this is perceived to be link to physical separation, this is the sticking point. What we lack from both sides are visionaries most of them were killed or escaped to other countries. This is the time to progress patiently, quick fixes targetting elections will be a repeat of disaster we witnessed for the past 30 yrs..
    It is easy to comment but language wise I can see 2 problems if that can be resolved amicably the rest will sail smoothly.
    1. If north operates a Federal system and youngsters don’t lean Sinhala and English that will pose a problem in future to intra migrate for employment.
    2. As it claims Tamil community can live any where in the country then they need the facility to lean their language, then government has to run schools with Tamil language facility at least in main towns.
    The challenge is to address them. I doubt whether most members in regime understands that, unfortunately opposition also failed to be effective.

  100. Puma says:

    94. Mr.NATIVE TAMIL
    82. peacelover
    THE VIDEO YOU POSTED IN THIS BLOG SHOULD WATCHED BY ALL
    96. Mahesh
    82. peacelover
    The video was excellent. Thanks for posting it
    ______________
    If you look at 24:37, one MP,W.J.M.Lokubandara, in July 1981 said in Parliament during the debates on the burning of Jaffna library-
    “If there is discrimination in this land which is not their(Tamil) homeland, then why try stay here.
    If the sleeping Sinhalese wake up to see the Tamils trying to establish a tamil Ealam in Sri Lanka, then things may not be quite calm.”

    Interestingly, this gentleman was helped by TNA in April 2004 at the instruction/order of S.P.Thamilchelvan, Political Commissar of LTTE to become the speaker by a single majority on the third voting. He contested against the Government nominee, communist party’s D.E.W.Gunasekera, who had campaigned for minority rights in the past, but could not get the support of LTTE/TNA. Who knows what they(not tamils) got.

    Who is short sighted and who had sent wrong signals?

    During the FP-UNP alliance in1965-68, JR, who commenced the Kandy procession and instrumental in the abrogation of Banda-Celva pact, was garlanded and taken in procession for over 11 miles from Mavittapuram to Jaffna by FP.
    In 1972, when Srimavo proposed the new constitution, which had removed the two remaining safeguards of the minorities(Privy Council & Sec 29), it was seconded by TULF’s kathiravelupillai(who later said he was trapped by Amir against his will).

    The tamil Political parties were/are only interested in getting the tamil votes to become their leaders/representatives and then to get fooled/bought by the Sinhalese leaders. This goes on until the next election, and then they get a sudden enlightenment and go on a war path.
    Now there is competetion between two factions of a non existing Country, TNGTE & TNGTE(Democratic), as to who represents the Tamils, in any future talks with Sri Lanka!

    What we need is good Diplomats and not power hungry Politicians.

  101. peacelover says:

    #93 TRN

    I am sorry pls allow me to respond to you. I never justify killing of any civilian or for that matter another human being. I condemn all acts of violence against humanity.

    1948-1983: 35 YEARS TAMILS WERE SLAPPED ON THEIR FACES BY SINHALA POLITICIANS AND THEIR MILITARY FORCES, WHEN THEY CHOOSE NON-VIOLENT PATH TO EXPRESS THEIR DISPLEASURE OF THEIR TREATMENT BY SINHALESE GOVERNMENTS.

    BEING A TAMIL,
    BURNT ALIVE IN HIS/HER VEHICLE ON COLOMBO ROAD IN A DAYLIGHT, HOUSE BUILT BY HARD EARN MONEY BURNT INTO ASHES IN FEW HOURS, BEATEN UP BY ILLITERATE SINHALA THUGS IN THE PRESENCE OF SECURITY FORCES, ETC ETC.

    WHAT WOULD YOU DO IF YOU ARE A TAMIL?

    TAMILS HAD ENOUGH PATIENCE AND NEVER USED VIOLENT PATH IN THOSE 35 YEARS. EVEN NELSON MANDELA TO SUFFER ONLY 25 YEARS IN JAIL FOR SOUTH AFRICAN WHITE PRETORIA GOVERNMENT TO CHANGE THEIR MIND TO GIVE FREEDOM TO BLACKS.

    GANDHI OR EVEN JESUS COULD HAVE BEEN FAILED IF THEY WERE BORN AS TAMIL IN ILANKAI.

    I am not sure what it caused to think me as LTTE sympathizer. This is another problem with majority Sinhalese to paint Tamils or for that matter anyone supporting Tamil’s plea as LTTE sympathizer.

    Majority Sinhala politicians to blame not LTTE for all the trouble the island faced since 1948 and continue to this day.

    HOW CAN YOU EXPECT NATIONAL RECONCILIATION, WHEN THERE IS A MURDER ATTEMPT ON TAMIL (TNA) MP (TODAY’S NEWS), NO PROTECTION EVEN FOR A TAMIL MP ALMOST 2 YEARS AFTER THE COMPLETION OF WAR WITH LTTE. WHY WE NEED A MILITARY HEADQUARTERS IN JAFFNA ON THE GRAVEYARD OF HUNDREDS OF TAMIL YOUTHS? IS THIS CALL HUMANITY?

    WHAT IS THE BARRIER FOR RECONCILIATION?
    I THINK YOU BETTER KNOW NOW, OTHERWISE YOU WILL NEVER.

    #94, #96, #100

    Thanks. I am just the messengar, I am passing on what I thought to help better understanding among various communities in Ilankai, which leads to long lasting peace, freedom and dignity to tamils.

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